Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes
(Stingrays) > Dasyatidae
(Stingrays) > Neotrygoninae
Etymology: Taeniura: Latin, taenia = stripe + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 300 m (Ref. 6808). Subtropical; 38°N - 17°S, 26°W - 44°E
Eastern Atlantic: Canary Islands (Ref. 6808) and Mauritania to Angola, including Cape Verde. Also in the Mediterranean, from Tunisia to Egypt.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 250 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4438); max. published weight: 84.0 kg (Ref. 40637)
A neritic, coastal species (Ref. 27000). Generally found on sand and rock-sand bottoms (Ref. 6808). Partially covered with sand or mud. Feeds on bottom-living fishes and crustaceans. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Capapé, C. and M. Desoutter, 1990. Dasyatidae. p. 59-63. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4438)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 14.6 - 26.1, mean 19.2 °C (based on 92 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00347 - 0.03311), b=3.11 (2.86 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.67 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming fecundity<100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (90 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 18.3 [2.0, 109.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.729 [0.138, 2.818] mg/100g ; Protein = 22 [19, 24] % ; Omega3 = 0.229 [0.084, 0.588] g/100g ; Selenium = 35.6 [9.3, 129.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 4.24 [0.94, 20.01] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.418 [0.110, 1.539] mg/100g (wet weight);