Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Centrarchiformes
(Basses) > Microcanthidae
Etymology: Microcanthus: Greek, mikros = small + Greek akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335); strigatus: Name from Latin 'strigatus' for strigate, referring to the transverse bands or streaks of colour..
More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 1 - 140 m (Ref. 58302). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: East Asia (southern Japan, Korea, the eastern coast of China, Taiwan and Hong Kong), Hawaii and Western Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
soft rays: 13 - 15. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: coloration - fifth body stripe inflected toward the anal fin origin at an angle of 120-150° (usually 130°); lower abdomen usually with a broken stripe, as a series of 2-5 (usually 3) spots and short dashes (Ref. 123714).
Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Inhabits coastal and lagoon reefs, also in dense aggregations under ledges and in caves during the day (Ref. 9710). Also observed in rocky areas and occasionally in harbours, embankments, and coastal ports. Adults often school in large groups. It ranges between 10 and 30 m depth, but can occur as shallow as 0.3 m to as deep as 300 m (Ref. 123714). Young feeds on small crustaceans and algae (Ref. 3921).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Tea, Y.K. and A.C. Gill, 2020. Systematic reappraisal of the anti-equatorial fish genus Microcanthus Swainson (Teleostei: Microcanthidae), with redescription and resurrection of Microcanthus joyceae Whitley. Zootaxa 4802(1):41-60. (Ref. 123714)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 17.5 - 26.4, mean 23.7 °C (based on 254 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02291 (0.00888 - 0.05910), b=2.99 (2.76 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.35 se; based on food items.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 106 [53, 189] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.952 [0.542, 1.876] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.6 [16.4, 18.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.274 [0.132, 0.572] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.2 [11.1, 59.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 77.3 [19.8, 291.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.89 [1.19, 2.97] mg/100g (wet weight);