Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Synodontidae
(Lizardfishes) > Synodontinae
Etymology: Synodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Waite.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 12 - 30 m (Ref. 75154). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: Australia, also in Sri Lanka and Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3132); common length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3520); max. published weight: 150.00 g (Ref. 3132)
An uncommon species found in shallow shelf waters. Caught mainly with artisanal gear. Sold fresh or dried salted in markets.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R. and R. Swainston, 1988. The marine fishes of north-western Australia: a field guide for anglers and divers. Western Australian Museum, Perth. 201 p. (Ref. 3132)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 28.9, mean 27.8 °C (based on 286 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00217 - 0.00962), b=3.16 (2.98 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 214 [83, 511] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.956 [0.387, 1.786] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.2 [12.2, 17.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.163 [0.063, 0.393] g/100g ; Selenium = 66.2 [26.3, 154.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 26.6 [7.3, 95.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.927 [0.490, 1.442] mg/100g (wet weight);