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Aluterus monoceros (Linnaeus, 1758)

Unicorn leatherjacket filefish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Aluterus monoceros   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classificatie / Names Lokale namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Monacanthidae (Filefishes)
Etymology: Aluterus: Name from Greek meaning not free or detached, referring to the pelvis that does not form a spiny project (as it does in triggerfish) (R. Chandler, pers. Comm. 10/2014)..
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

marien rifbewoner; diepte 1 - 80 m (Ref. 90102). Subtropical; 43°N - 39°S, 180°W - 180°E

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Circumtropical. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA to Argentina (Ref. 36453). Eastern Atlantic: west coast of tropical Africa (Ref. 3592). Eastern Pacific: Guatemala to Chile (Ref. 9068); probably in Mexico (Ref. 9318). Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique and South Africa (Ref. 4421). Recently recorded from Reunion (Ref. 53568).

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 76.2 cm TL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 26340); common length : 40.0 cm TL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 3467); max. gepubliceerd gewicht: 2.7 kg (Ref. 40637)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 2; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 45-52; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 47 - 53. Rudimentary pelvic spine disappears in large specimen (Ref. 36453). Snout convex in adults (Ref. 1602). Sandy to grey with small brown spots above; soft dorsal and anal fins pale yellowish to brownish; caudal membrane blackish brown (Ref. 4421).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Occasionally in shallow water by steep drop-offs. Solitary or in pairs, occasionally in groups of five or six, at less than 10 m depth. Juveniles are pelagic, seen under floating objects (Ref. 9318, 48637). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Adults and juveniles are rarely seen near reefs. Juveniles often with large jellies and these may bring them close to reefs and adults may nest on sandflats adjacent to reefs in deep water. At other times, the adults may form large schools under weed-rafts that usually form during the wet season (Ref. 48637). Feed on benthic organisms (Ref. 30573).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Hutchins, Barry | Medewerkers

Harmelin-Vivien, M.L. and J.-C. Quéro, 1990. Monacanthidae. p. 1061-1066. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3592)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 27 February 2014

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel
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Meer informatie

Lokale namen
Synoniemen
Metabolisme
Predatoren
Ecotoxicologie
Voortplanting
Maturiteit
Paaien
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Fecunditeit
Eieren
Ontwikkeling van de eieren
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Lengte-gewicht
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Lengtefrequenties
Morfometrie
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 22.8 - 29, mean 27.6 °C (based on 1868 cells).
Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01950 (0.01203 - 0.03160), b=2.89 (2.75 - 3.03), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 5.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100).
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 21 [7, 51] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.684 [0.351, 1.513] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.7 [17.5, 21.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.158 [0.073, 0.330] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.5 [9.0, 47.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 27 [7, 103] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.672 [0.377, 1.169] mg/100g (wet weight);