Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Stegastes: Greek, stegastos, -e, -on = covered (Ref. 45335). More on author: Whitley.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 2 - 10 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 30°N - 30°S
Indo-Pacific: Ryukyu Islands, encompassing the Indo-Malayan Archipelago, Western Australia north of Abrolhos Islands; reaching eastward along the northern margin of the tropical Indian Ocean to Sri Lanka and India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7247)
soft rays: 12 - 14. Diagnosis: Body and median fins generally brown to nearly black; body paler ventrally; fins grading to smoky gray distally. Margin of scales on sides with blackish streak, appearing as series of transverse bands; few small blue spots scattered on head and sides. Pelvic and anal fins bright blue anteriorly. Lips dusky brown (Ref. 510). Body depth 1.7-2.2 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Adults occur close to shore in rocky or dead reef areas where visibility is often reduced due to silting and wave action. Territorial, they maintain and 'weed' filamentous algae patches growing on dead coral (Ref. 9710). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R. and A.R. Emery, 1985. A review of the Pomacentrid fishes of the genus Stegastes from the Indo-Pacific, with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (3):31. (Ref. 510)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25 - 29.3, mean 28.4 °C (based on 2607 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01950 (0.00914 - 0.04162), b=2.99 (2.82 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 80.6 [44.9, 137.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.803 [0.511, 1.330] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [17.1, 19.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.123 [0.072, 0.204] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.8 [11.8, 48.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 57.5 [14.8, 219.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.78 [1.14, 2.73] mg/100g (wet weight);