Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae
(Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae
Etymology: Jordanella: Because of C. Basil Jordan, American zoologist (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Goode & Bean.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; non-migratory. Subtropical; 18°C - 22°C (Ref. 13371); 31°N - 26°N
North America: St. Johns and Ochlocknee River drainages south to peninsular Florida, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27139)
In vegetated sloughs, ponds, lakes, and sluggish streams; enters brackish water. 6.5 cm max TL (Ref. 5723). In Guinness Book of Records as the fish with the fewest eggs (20 eggs are spawned over a period of several days) (Ref. 6472). Feeds on worms, crustaceans, insects and plant matter (Ref. 7020). Not a seasonal killifish. Is easy to maintain in the aquarium (Ref. 27139).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Males care for the eggs (Ref. 57667). Lays up to 100 eggs in the aquarium (Ref. 7020). The male does a 'T-dance' with a receptive female and the female lays her eggs over algal-covered rocks where they adhere by their sticky thread. In the laboratory, this was simulated by using a green orlon wool wrapped glass plate - males will continuously guard the eggs on this, fanning with their fins to keep eggs clean and aerated (D. Holdway, pers. com 2006).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.01198 - 0.03323), b=3.13 (2.98 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.32 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec=100 (aquarium)).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).