Family Cyprinodontidae - Pupfishes
  Order
:
Cyprinodontidae Cyprinodontidae
  Class
:
Actinopteri
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 9 | Species : 103 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Secondary freshwater
  Aquarium
:
many
  First Fossil Record
:
middle   Tertiary     Oligocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Pupfishes are known from the United States, Middle America, West Indies, parts of northern South America, northern Africa, and Mediterranean Anatolian region. Chiefly freshwater and brackish; rarely coastal marine. Egg-laying. Males without gonopodium (external fertilization). Dorsal processes of maxillaries expanded medially, nearly meeting in the midline; lateral arm of maxilla expanded. About 22 cm maximum length.
  Etymology
:
Greek, kyprinos = goldfish + Greek, odous = tooth, teeth ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
mixed
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref.
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Acanthopterygii | Percomorphaceae | Ovalentaria | | Cichlomorphae | Cyprinodontiformes | Cyprinodontoidei | | Cyprinodontidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Cyprinodontidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Cyprinodontinae
Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède, 1803
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniorchange in rank
ambiguousotheroriginal
Esox ovinus Mitchill, 1815
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
Lebia ellipsoidea Lesueur, 1821
synonymjuniororiginal
Cyprinodon ellipsoidea (Lesueur, 1821)
synonymjuniornew
Lebias rhomboidalis Valenciennes, 1821
synonymjuniororiginal
Cyprinodon rhomboidalis (Valenciennes, 1821)
synonymjuniornew
Cyprinodon gibbosus Baird & Girard, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal
Cyprinodon baconi Breder, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Cyprinodon bovinus Baird & Girard, 1853
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon elegans Baird & Girard, 1853
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon macularius Baird & Girard, 1853
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniorchange in rank
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in species
Lucania browni Jordan & Richardson, 1907
synonymjuniororiginal
Cyprinodon browni (Jordan & Richardson, 1907)
synonymjuniornew
ambiguousotheroriginal
Cyprinodon sonoytae Peterson, 1993
ambiguousotherchange in rank
Cyprinodon eximius Girard, 1859
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1889
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon tecopa Baker Carr, 1975
synonymotheroriginal
Cyprinodon nevadensis nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1889
synonymseniorchange in rank
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniorchange in rank
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
! Cyprinodon diabolus Wales, 1930
synonymseniororiginal
Cyprinodon bondi Myers, 1935
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniorchange in rank
Cyprinodon laciniatus Hubbs & Miller, 1942
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon salinus Miller, 1943
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniorchange in rank
Cyprinodon milleri LaBounty & Deacon, 1972
synonymjuniororiginal
Cyprinodon salinus milleri LaBounty & Deacon, 1972
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Cyprinodon radiosus Miller, 1948
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon beltrani Álvarez, 1949
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon atrorus Miller, 1968
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon tularosa Miller & Echelle, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon alvarezi Miller, 1976
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon meeki Miller, 1976
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon nazas Miller, 1976
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon pecosensis Echelle & Echelle, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon fontinalis Smith & Miller, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon labiosus Humphries & Miller, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon maya Humphries & Miller, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon simus Humphries & Miller, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon verecundus Humphries, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon pachycephalus Minckley & Minckley, 1986
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon eremus Miller & Fuiman, 1987
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Cyprinodon macularius eremus Miller & Fuiman, 1987
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon higuey Rodriguez & Smith, 1990
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon ceciliae Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon inmemoriam Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon longidorsalis Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon veronicae Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon bobmilleri Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon albivelis Minckley & Miller, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon arcuatus Minckley & Miller, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon esconditus Strecker, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon pisteri Miller & Minckley, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Cyprinodon bovinus (non Baird & Girard, 1853)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Cyprinodon bovinus bovinus (non Baird & Girard, 1853)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Cyprinodon elegans (non Baird & Girard, 1853)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Cyprinodon eximius (non Girard, 1859)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Cyprinodon salvadori Lozano-Vilano, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon suavium Strecker, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon julimes De la Maza-Benignos & Vela-Valladares, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon brontotheroides Martin & Wainwright, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon desquamator Martin & Wainwright, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal
Jordanella floridae Goode & Bean, 1879
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyprinodon floridae (Goode & Bean, 1879)
synonymseniornew
Floridichthys carpio (Günther, 1866)
acceptedseniornew
Cyprinodon carpio Günther, 1866
synonymseniororiginal
Cyprinodon mydrus Goode & Bean, 1882
synonymjuniororiginal
Floridichthys mydrus (Goode & Bean, 1882)
synonymjuniornew
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Garmanella pulchra Hubbs, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal
Jordanella pulchra (Hubbs, 1936)
synonymseniornew
Cualac tessellatus Miller, 1956
acceptedseniororiginal
! Cualac tesselatus Miller, 1956
synonymseniororiginal
Megupsilon aporus Miller & Walters, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal
Cubanichthyinae
Cubanichthys cubensis (Eigenmann, 1903)
acceptedseniornew
Fundulus cubensis Eigenmann, 1903
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Orestiinae
Orestias cuvieri Valenciennes, 1846
acceptedseniororiginal
! Orestias cuvieri Valenciennes, 1839
ambiguousotheroriginal
! Orestias humboldti Valenciennes, 1839
ambiguousotheroriginal
Orestias humboldti Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Orestias agassizii Valenciennes, 1846
acceptedseniororiginal
! Orestias agassii Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniororiginal
Orestias ortonii Cope, 1876
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Orestias tirapatae Boulenger, 1902
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Orestias agassizi typica Pellegrin, 1904
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Orestias uyunius Fowler, 1940
synonymjuniororiginal
Orestias rospigliosii Eigenmann & Allen, 1942
synonymjuniororiginal
Orestias langui Tchernavin, 1944
synonymjuniororiginal
Orestias albus Valenciennes, 1846
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias neveui Pellegrin, 1904
synonymjuniororiginal
Orestias jussiei Valenciennes, 1846
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias owenii Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Orestias luteus Valenciennes, 1846
acceptedseniororiginal
! Orestias luteus Valenciennes, 1839
ambiguousotheroriginal
Orestias cypho Fowler, 1916
synonymjuniororiginal
Orestias farfani Parenti, 1984
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Orestias mulleri Valenciennes, 1846
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias pentlandii Valenciennes, 1846
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias pentlandii Valenciennes, 1839
ambiguousotheroriginal
Orestias bairdii Cope, 1876
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Orestias tschudii Castelnau, 1855
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias agassii pequeni Tchernavin, 1944
synonymjuniororiginal
Orestias lastarriae Philippi, 1876
acceptedseniororiginal
! Oriastes lastarriae Philippi, 1876
synonymseniororiginal
Orestias elegans Garman, 1895
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias incae Garman, 1895
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias olivaceus Garman, 1895
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias empyraeus Allen, 1942
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias silustani Allen, 1942
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias crawfordi Tchernavin, 1944
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias gilsoni Tchernavin, 1944
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias minimus Tchernavin, 1944
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias minutus Tchernavin, 1944
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias mooni Tchernavin, 1944
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias polonorum Tchernavin, 1944
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias puni Tchernavin, 1944
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Orestias jussiei puni Tchernavin, 1944
synonymseniororiginal
Orestias taquiri Tchernavin, 1944
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias tutini Tchernavin, 1944
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias uruni Tchernavin, 1944
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias forgeti Lauzanne, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias ispi Lauzanne, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias tchernavini Lauzanne, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias laucaensis Arratia, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias ascotanensis Parenti, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias ctenolepis Parenti, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias gracilis Parenti, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal
! Orestias gymnota Parenti, 1984
provisionally acceptedseniororiginal
! Orestias gymnotus Parenti, 1984
synonymseniororiginal
Orestias hardini Parenti, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias imarpe Parenti, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias multiporis Parenti, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias mundus Parenti, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias richersoni Parenti, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias robustus Parenti, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias tomcooni Parenti, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias ututo Parenti, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias chungarensis Vila & Pinto, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Orestias gloriae Vila, Scott, Mendez, Valenzuela, Iturra & Poulin, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudorestias lirimensis Arratia, Vila, Lam, Guerrero & Quezada-Romegialli, 2017
acceptedseniororiginal
php script by celloran, 04/03/10, last modified by cmilitante, 29/11/12