Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Pogonichthyinae
Etymology: Cyprinella: Latin, cyprinus = carp (Ref. 45335); spiloptera: From the words spilos, meaning spot and pteron, meaning wing or fin (Ref. 10294) More on author: Cope.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 47°N - 34°N
North America: Atlantic Slope from St. Lawrence drainage in Quebec, Canada to Potomac River drainage in Virginia, USA; Great Lakes (except Lake Superior), Hudson Bay (Red River) and Mississippi River basins from Ontario, Canada and New York to North Dakota and south to Alabama and eastern Oklahoma, USA; isolated populations in Ozarks, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 7.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits sand and gravel runs and pools of creeks, and small to medium (sometimes large) rivers (Ref. 5723, 86798). Adults feed on surface insects and aquatic immatures (Ref. 10294). Spawning season is from mid-June to mid-August. Eggs are deposited in crevices of rocks and logs and are defended by males (Ref. 27549).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00428 - 0.01543), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .