Petromyzonti (lampreys) > Petromyzontiformes
(Lampreys) > Petromyzontidae
(Northern lampreys) > Lampetrinae
Etymology: Eudontomyzon: Greek, eu = good + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, myzo = to suckle (Ref. 45335). More on author: Berg.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous? (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C -
Asia: Yalu River basin, China and North Korea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89241)
Adults: 15.3-29.0 cm TL. Body wet weight of individuals 17.25-21.15 cm TL, 6.3-10.3 g. Body proportions, as percentage of TL (based on four specimens measuring 17.1-21.15 cm TL): prebranchial length, 11.7-13.0; branchial length, 8.7-10.2; trunk length, 47.0-47.5; tail length, 29.8-30.4; cloacal slit length, 1.2-1.7; eye length, 1.2-1.7; disc length, 6.1-7.2; prenostril length, 6.7-7.5; snout length, 7.6-8.7; postocular length, 2.8-3.1. Intestinal diameter, 0.3-0.4 cm. Trunk myomeres, 68-74. Dentition: Most labial teeth are villiform; supraoral lamina, 2 unicuspid teeth; infraoral lamina, 6-10 teeth, the lateralmost tooth on each side usually bicuspid, the internal ones unicuspid; 3 endolaterals on each side; endolateral formula, typically 2-2-2 (75%), but also 1-1-1 (25%); 3 rows of anterials; first row of anterials, 3-5 unicuspid teeth; 1-2 rows of exolaterals; 1 row of posterials; first (and only) row of posterials, 19-24 unicuspid teeth; transverse lingual lamina, 13-19 unicuspid teeth, the median one enlarged; longitudinal lingual laminae each with 14-15 unicuspid teeth. Velar tentacles, 9, with wings made up of two tentacles on each side. Lateral line neuromasts unpigmented. Extent of caudal fin pigmentation: 25% to under 75% (in 50% of specimens) and 75% or more (in the other 50%). Caudal fin shape, spade-like. Oral fimbriae, 95-100. Oral papillae, 16-22.
Burrows into substrate for the duration of the winter months (Ref. 33844). Freshwater. Adults parasitic on various fishes. Fecundity, 14,000-20,000 eggs/female (Ref. 89241).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Liu, C.-X. et al., 1987. Fauna Liaoningica. Liaoning Science and Technology Press, Shenyang, China. (Ref. 33844)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00123 (0.00056 - 0.00272), b=3.00 (2.80 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec = 14,000; tmax=tm).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .