Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sparidae
Etymology: Archosargus: Greek, archo = anus + Latin , sargus = sea bream (Ref. 45335). More on author: Linnaeus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 40 m (Ref. 115835), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 22°C - 30°C; 41°N - 58°S, 98°W - 34°W
Western Atlantic: New Jersey, USA and northeastern Gulf of Mexico to Argentina (Ref. 4517). Absent from the Bahamas (Ref. 26938).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 8.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9626); max. published weight: 550.00 g (Ref. 9626); max. reported age: 2.00 years (Ref. 3422)
soft rays: 10 - 11. Large intestine makes up 90% of digestive tract and is twice the standard length, on the average; the stomach with 7 digestive caeca attached near the pyloric region. Pelvic fin coloration totally or partially dark in males; orange colored in females. Large dark spot (about same size as eye) below lateral line just behind gill opening (Ref. 26938).
Commonly found over mud bottoms in mangrove sloughs and on vegetated sand bottoms, sometimes in brackish water and occasionally also in coral reef areas near mangroves. Feeds on benthic invertebrates (small bivalves, crustaceans), as well as on plant material.
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.8 - 28, mean 25.8 °C (based on 456 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02138 (0.01782 - 0.02564), b=2.96 (2.91 - 3.01), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.27; tm=0.4; tmax=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 70 [28, 170] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.75 [0.72, 4.15] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [17.6, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.388 [0.152, 1.052] g/100g ; Selenium = 17.8 [4.5, 52.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.5 [1.6, 74.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.17 [0.58, 2.29] mg/100g (wet weight);