Neotrygon kuhlii, Blue-spotted stingray : fisheries, aquarium

You can sponsor this page

Neotrygon kuhlii (Müller & Henle, 1841)

Blue-spotted stingray
添加你自己的观测位置在 Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Neotrygon kuhlii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
上传你的 图片 和 影像
Pictures | Videos | 谷歌图片
Image of Neotrygon kuhlii (Blue-spotted stingray)
Neotrygon kuhlii
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Neotrygoninae
Etymology: More on authors: Müller & Henle.

Issue
Formerly a widespread species, but forms a species complex with three other species. Information (data from references) collated undergoing modifications (in progress).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 0 - 170 m (Ref. 89055), usually ? - 90 m (Ref. 9840). 热带; 33°N - 33°S, 28°E - 154°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: Solomon Islands, but probably more widespread in Oceania (limits of its distribution need to be defined).

Forms a species complex with Neotrygon australiae (Australia, New Guinea and eastern Indonesia), N. caeruleopunctata (Indian Ocean), and N. orientale (North-West Pacific).
印度-西太平洋: 红海 (参考文献 9840) 而且东非到美属萨摩亚 (参考文献 592) 与东加 (参考文献 53797),北至日本, 南至澳洲.(参考文献 9840) 呈现出印度-太平洋的那可能是不同的种的多个色彩变种了。 (参考文献 9840)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 27.6, range 12 - 46.5 cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5578)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

This medium-sized Neotrygon of the kuhlii-complex (reaching at least 30 cm DW) is distinguished by the following set of characters: disc is broader than long, its width ca. 1.2 times length; pectoral apices are narrowly rounded; snout rather fleshy, broadly angular, its angle ca. 107°, its length 1.7-2.1 times interorbital width; maximum width is relatively well back on disc, the length from snout tip to pectoral-fin insertion 1.8-1.9 times and disc width 2.5-2.6 times horizontal distance from snout tip to maximum disc width; preoral length is 2.4-2.8 times mouth width; internasal distance is 1.5-1.8 in prenasal length; interspiracular distance is 13-15% DW; nostril length is 2.8-4.1% DW; nasal curtain width is 8-8.3% DW; mouth small, its width 6.4-6.8% DW; horizontal distance from cloaca to caudal sting base ca. 55% of disc length; nuchal region with thornlets, none from tail in all sizes; no dermal denticles; 113 pectoral-fin radials (based on new specimen); 133 total vertebral centra (including synarcual), 39 trunk centra (including synarcual); presence of blue spots that are very small and sparse, largest spot on disc 0.3-0.5 times eye width; median belt with 0-6 (mean 3.0) blue spots, largest ~2.1% DW; pronounced mask-like marking, not covered with dark peppery spots; ventral surface of disc and pelvic fins with broad dark greyish submarginal bands; when fresh, ventral tail fold and adjacent tail bluish grey (Ref. 116741).
红褐色的有蓝色的背面集中明亮的假眼斑与分散的黑色斑点, 腹侧白色的.(参考文献 3263) 吻非常短与宽广有角; 体盘有角的; 尾巴与身体等长有明显的黑白环, 而且具有一个短的上尾部的鳍褶但是一个更长的低一个终止在尾部顶端正后方; 体盘没有刺; 通常在尾部上的一个刺.(参考文献 5578)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

A solitary species found on sandy bottoms near rocky or coral reefs (Ref. 12951). Usually found in deeper water but moves onto the reef flat and into shallow lagoons at high tide (Ref. 12951). Occasionally covers itself with sand, leaving only its eyes and tail visible (Ref. 37816). Feeds on crabs and shrimps (Ref. 5578). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). The venomous spine can inflict a painful wound (Ref.4690). Caught in very large quantities in the bottom trawl, trammel and fish trap fisheries. Utilized for its meat but of limited value due to its small size (Ref. 58048). It is parasitised by the monogenean Dendromonocotyle kuhlii on the dorsal skin surface (Ref. 124051).

一种独居性种发现于在岩礁或珊瑚礁附近的砂质底部了。 (参考文献 12951) 通常发现于较深的水域但是移动到礁石平台上与进入泻湖浅滩之内在涨潮时.(参考文献 12951) 偶然地以被仅留下它的眼睛与尾巴的沙子覆盖它本身看得见的.(参考文献 37816) 吃螃蟹与虾。 (参考文献 5578) 卵胎生的.(参考文献 50449) 有毒的棘能施放令人痛苦的创伤。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). Litters size at birth 16 cm (Ref. 37816); Java form born at 11-16 cm WD, Bali form born at ~17 cm WD. Gives birth to litters of 1-2 pups; no reproductive synchronicity (Ref. 58048).印度-西太平洋: 红海 (参考文献 9840) 而且东非到美属萨摩亚 (参考文献 592) 与东加 (参考文献 53797),北至日本, 南至澳洲.(参考文献 9840) 呈现出印度-太平洋的那可能是不同的种的多个色彩变种了。 (参考文献 9840)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : McEachran, John | 合作者

Last, P.R., White, W.T. and B. Séret, 2016. Taxonomic status of maskrays of the Neotrygon kuhlii species complex (Myliobatoidei: Dasyatidae) with the description of three new species from the Indo-West Pacific. Zootaxa 4083(4):533-561. (Ref. 116741)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  数据缺失 (DD) ; Date assessed: 22 June 2017

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有毒的 (Ref. 4690)





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

下载 XML

网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | 公众的水族馆 | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.9 - 29, mean 27.8 °C (based on 2546 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00336 - 0.03418), b=3.12 (2.87 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 8.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增时间超过14 年 (Fec=1-3).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 18 [3, 103] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.487 [0.089, 1.935] mg/100g ; Protein = 21.4 [18.7, 24.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.0949 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.9 [7.4, 95.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 41.4 [9.8, 179.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.926 [0.244, 3.588] mg/100g (wet weight);