Sarda sarda, Atlantic bonito : fisheries, gamefish
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Sarda sarda (Bloch, 1793)

Atlantic bonito
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Sarda sarda   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Sarda sarda
Picture by Wirtz, P.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes(Gênero, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Scombriformes (Mackerels) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Sarda: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas; estuarina; oceanódromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 80 - 200 m (Ref. 5377). Subtropical; 12°C - 27°C (Ref. 168); 62°N - 40°S, 98°W - 42°E (Ref. 54865)

Distribuição Países | Áreas da FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Oslo, Norway to Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada to Florida, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico; then from Colombia, Venezuela, and south of the Amazon River to northern Argentina; apparently absent from most of the Caribbean Sea.

Comprimento de primeira maturação / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 37.0, range 41 - ? cm
Max length : 91.4 cm FL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 168); common length : 50.0 cm FL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 168); peso máx. publicado: 11.0 kg (Ref. 40637); idade máx. registrada: 5 anos (Ref. 29114)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 20 - 23; Raios dorsais (total): 15-18; Espinhos anais 0; Raios anais : 14 - 17; Vértebras: 50 - 55. Mouth moderately large. Laminae of olfactory rosette 21-39. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body completely covered with very small scales posterior to the corselet. Swim bladder absent. Spleen large. Liver with elongate left and right lobe and short middle lobe. Oblique dorsal stripes with a greater angle than in other species of Sarda.

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Epipelagic, neritic and schooling species that may enter estuaries. Known to be cannibalistic, adults prey on small schooling fishes, invertebrates like squid and shrimps and can swallow relatively large prey. Eggs and larvae pelagic (Ref. 6769). Utilized fresh, dried or salted, smoked, canned and frozen (Ref. 9987). Able to adapt to different temperatures 12° to 27°C and salinities 14 to 39 (Ref. 36731).

Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Collette, Bruce B. | Colaboradores

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 125652)

  Segura ou pouco preocupante (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 September 2010

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para os humanos

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)





Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: altamente comercial; peixe esportivo: sim
FAO - pescarias: desembarques, perfil da espécie; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7 - 23.4, mean 10.7 °C (based on 346 cells).
Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00765 - 0.00992), b=3.06 (3.02 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.5 (1.4 - 3.1) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 14 growth studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  médio(a), tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (K=0.13-0.24; tm=1; tmax=5).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 9 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 59.4 [30.6, 128.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 3.96 [2.20, 7.39] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.9 [18.7, 21.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.866 [0.319, 2.304] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.6 [16.2, 63.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.9 [3.1, 45.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.711 [0.482, 1.121] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.