Coris formosa  (Bennett, 1830)

Queen coris
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Coris formosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Coris formosa (Queen coris)
Coris formosa
Picture by Field, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Coris: Greek, kore, -es = pupil and also with themenaing of "maid" (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated, usually 2 - 50 m (Ref. 27115).   Tropical; 24°C - 27°C (Ref. 27115)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5213)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 12. Terminal males reddish to lavender in color; caudal with small, dark-edged, blue-green spots, posterior margin light orange-red (Ref. 4392). Juveniles orange, head and lower part of body dark brown; 3 large, vertically elongate, broadly black-edged, white spots on dorsal part of body (Ref. 4392).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: southern Red Sea to Natal, South Africa and east to Sri Lanka.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults found in weed, rock and coral areas; juveniles in shallow tide pools (Ref. 30573). Generally solitary (Ref. 5213). Feeds mainly on hard-shelled prey, including crustaceans, mollusks and sea urchins (Ref. 5374). Young very different (Ref. 1623).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., 1999. Revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fishes of the genus Coris, with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (29):74 p. (Ref. 33411)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | Public aquariums | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00481 - 0.02077), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.38 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.