List of Marine Fishes reported from Brazil
n = 1253
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Table 1: 1220 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 24 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 9 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 1253 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 1220 species currently present in the country/island.
     
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Beloniformes Belonidae Ablennes hiansnative Flat needlefish Carapiá 
Perciformes Pomacentridae Abudefduf saxatilisnative Sergeant-major Castanheta 
Perciformes Serranidae Acanthistius brasilianusnative Argentine seabass Badejo 
Perciformes Scombridae Acanthocybium solandrinative Wahoo Cavala-wahoo 
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Acanthonus armatusnative Bony-eared assfish  
Tetraodontiformes Ostraciidae Acanthostracion polygoniusnative Honeycomb cowfish Baiacu-de-chifre 
Tetraodontiformes Ostraciidae Acanthostracion quadricornisnative Scrawled cowfish Peixe-cofre 
Perciformes Acanthuridae Acanthurus bahianusnative Ocean surgeon Barbeiro 
Perciformes Acanthuridae Acanthurus chirurgusnative Doctorfish Peixe-cirurgião 
Perciformes Acanthuridae Acanthurus coeruleusnative Blue tang surgeonfish Barbeiro 
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Achirus achirusnative Drab sole Linguado 
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Achirus declivisnative Plainfin sole Solha-redonda 
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Achirus lineatusnative Lined sole Tapa 
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Achirus mucurinative American sole American sole 
Gobiesociformes Gobiesocidae Acyrtops beryllinusnative Emerald clingfish  
Gobiesociformes Gobiesocidae Acyrtus artiusnative Papillate clingfish  
Gobiesociformes Gobiesocidae Acyrtus pauciradiatusnative   
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Aetobatus narinarinative Spotted eagle ray Raia-leopardo 
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Ahlia egmontisnative Key worm eel Moréia 
Aulopiformes Notosudidae Ahliesaurus berryinative   
Perciformes Gobiidae Akko dionaeanative   
Albuliformes Albulidae Albula nemopteranative Threadfin bonefish Ubarana 
Albuliformes Albulidae Albula vulpesnative Bonefish Juruma 
Perciformes Carangidae Alectis ciliarisnative African pompano Xaréu-branco 
Aulopiformes Alepisauridae Alepisaurus feroxnative Long snouted lancetfish  
Zeiformes Oreosomatidae Allocyttus verrucosusnative Warty dory  
Perciformes Scombridae Allothunnus fallainative Slender tuna  
Lamniformes Alopiidae Alopias superciliosusnative Bigeye thresher Tubarão-raposa de olho grande 
Lamniformes Alopiidae Alopias vulpinusnative Thresher Cacao-raposa 
Perciformes Serranidae Alphestes afernative Mutton hamlet Garoupa-gato 
Tetraodontiformes Monacanthidae Aluterus heudelotiinative Dotterel filefish Peixe-porco 
Tetraodontiformes Monacanthidae Aluterus monocerosnative Unicorn leatherjacket filefish Cangulo 
Tetraodontiformes Monacanthidae Aluterus schoepfiinative Orange filefish Peixe-porco 
Tetraodontiformes Monacanthidae Aluterus scriptusnative Scribbled leatherjacket filefish Cangulovelho 
Perciformes Cirrhitidae Amblycirrhitus pinosnative Redspotted hawkfish  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Amphelikturus dendriticusnative Pipehorse  
Siluriformes Ariidae Amphiarius phrygiatusnative Kukwari sea catfish Bagre 
Siluriformes Ariidae Amphiarius rugispinisnative Softhead sea catfish Bagre-cabeça mole 
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Amphichthys cryptocentrusnative Bocon toadfish Pacamão 
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Amphichthys rubigenisnative  Pacamão 
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Anarchias similisnative Pygmy moray  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Anarchopterus crinigernative Fringed pipefish Peixe-cachimbo 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Anarchopterus tectusnative Insular pipefish  
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa cubananative Cuban anchovy Manjuba 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa filiferanative Longfinger anchovy Manjuba 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa hepsetusnative Broad-striped anchovy Manjuba-perna-de-moça 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa januarianative Rio anchovy Rabo de fogo 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa lyolepisnative Shortfinger anchovy Enchoveta 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa mariniinative Marini's anchovy Enchoveta 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa pectoralisnative Bigfin anchovy Manjuba 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa spinifernative Spicule anchovy Sardinha 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa tricolornative Piquitinga anchovy Tungao 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchovia clupeoidesnative Zabaleta anchovy Boca torta 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoviella brevirostrisnative Snubnose anchovy Manjuba 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoviella cayennensisnative Cayenne anchovy Manjubinha 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoviella lepidentostolenative Broadband anchovy Sardinha 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoviella nattereriendemic Natterer's anchovy  
Siluriformes Loricariidae Ancistrus cuiabaeendemic   
Perciformes Haemulidae Anisotremus moricandinative Brownstriped grunt  
Perciformes Haemulidae Anisotremus surinamensisnative Black margate Sargo-beiçudo 
Perciformes Haemulidae Anisotremus virginicusnative Porkfish Salema 
Beryciformes Anoplogastridae Anoplogaster cornutanative Common fangtooth  
Lophiiformes Antennariidae Antennarius multiocellatusnative Longlure frogfish Aniquim 
Lophiiformes Antennariidae Antennarius striatusnative Striated frogfish Guaperva 
Perciformes Serranidae Anthias menezesinative   
Perciformes Serranidae Anthias nicholsinative Yellowfin bass  
Perciformes Caproidae Antigonia caprosnative Deepbody boarfish Galo-do-fundo 
Perciformes Caproidae Antigonia combatianative Shortspine boarfish Galo-do-fundo 
Gadiformes Moridae Antimora rostratanative Blue antimora  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Aplatophis chauliodusnative Fangtooth snake-eel  
Perciformes Apogonidae Apogon americanusendemic Brazilian flamefish Cardeal-fogo 
Perciformes Apogonidae Apogon maculatusnative Flamefish Piranema 
Perciformes Apogonidae Apogon planifronsnative Pale cardinalfish  
Perciformes Apogonidae Apogon pseudomaculatusnative Twospot cardinalfish Totó 
Perciformes Apogonidae Apogon quadrisquamatusnative Sawcheek cardinalfish  
Perciformes Apogonidae Apogon robbyinative Striped cardinalfish  
Carcharhiniformes Scyliorhinidae Apristurus parvipinnisnative Smallfin catshark  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Apterichtus anspnative Academy eel  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Apterichtus kendallinative Finless eel  
Perciformes Sparidae Archosargus probatocephalusnative Sheepshead Sargento 
Perciformes Sparidae Archosargus rhomboidalisnative Western Atlantic seabream Caicanha 
Aulopiformes Paralepididae Arctozenus rissonative Spotted barracudina  
Osmeriformes Argentinidae Argentina brasiliensisnative   
Osmeriformes Argentinidae Argentina striatanative Striated argentine Manjubão 
Stomiiformes Sternoptychidae Argyropelecus aculeatusnative Lovely hatchetfish  
Stomiiformes Sternoptychidae Argyropelecus affinisnative Pacific hatchet fish  
Stomiiformes Sternoptychidae Argyropelecus gigasnative Hatchetfish  
Stomiiformes Sternoptychidae Argyropelecus hemigymnusnative Half-naked hatchetfish  
Stomiiformes Sternoptychidae Argyropelecus sladeninative Sladen's hatchet fish  
Perciformes Ariommatidae Ariomma bondinative Silver-rag driftfish Rombudo 
Perciformes Ariommatidae Ariomma melanumnative Brown driftfish  
Anguilliformes Congridae Ariosoma balearicumnative Bandtooth conger  
Anguilliformes Congridae Ariosoma opistophthalmumendemic   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Aristostomias lunifernative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Aristostomias xenostomanative   
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Asarcenchelys longimanusnative   
Siluriformes Ariidae Aspistor luniscutisnative  Bagre amarelo 
Siluriformes Ariidae Aspistor quadriscutisnative Bressou sea catfish Bagre 
Perciformes Apogonidae Astrapogon puncticulatusnative Blackfin cardinalfish  
Perciformes Apogonidae Astrapogon stellatusnative Conchfish  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Astronesthes macropogonnative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Astronesthes micropogonnative   
Perciformes Uranoscopidae Astroscopus sexspinosusnative Brazilian stargazer Bacalhau 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Atherinella blackburninative Beach silverside  
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Atherinella brasiliensisnative Brazilian silversides Manjuba 
Atheriniformes Atherinidae Atherinomorus stipesnative Hardhead silverside Mamarreis 
Rajiformes Arhynchobatidae Atlantoraja castelnauinative Spotback skate Raia-pintada 
Rajiformes Arhynchobatidae Atlantoraja cyclophoranative Eyespot skate Arraia-carimbada 
Rajiformes Arhynchobatidae Atlantoraja platananative La Plata skate Arraia 
Syngnathiformes Aulostomidae Aulostomus maculatusnative Trumpetfish Trombeta 
Beryciformes Trachichthyidae Aulotrachichthys argyrophanusnative Western luminous roughy  
Beryciformes Trachichthyidae Aulotrachichthys atlanticusnative Brazilian luminous roughy  
Perciformes Scombridae Auxis rocheinative Bullet tuna Bonito-cachorro 
Perciformes Scombridae Auxis thazardnative Frigate tuna Bonito 
Anguilliformes Nemichthyidae Avocettina acuticepsnative Southern snipe eel  
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous banananative River goby  
Siluriformes Ariidae Bagre bagrenative Coco sea catfish Sarí-sarí 
Siluriformes Ariidae Bagre marinusnative Gafftopsail sea catfish Bagre-de-penacho 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Bairdiella ronchusnative Ground croaker Pescada espinho duro 
Perciformes Serranidae Baldwinella aureorubensnative Streamer bass  
Perciformes Serranidae Baldwinella vivanusnative Red barbier  
Tetraodontiformes Balistidae Balistes capriscusnative Grey triggerfish Cangulo 
Tetraodontiformes Balistidae Balistes vetulanative Queen triggerfish Gatilho-rainha 
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Barathrites parrinative   
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Barathrodemus manatinusnative   
Perciformes Gobiidae Barbulifer ceuthoecusnative Bearded goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Barbulifer enigmaticusnative Goateed goby Amborê barbichudo 
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Bascanichthys paulensisnative   
Anguilliformes Congridae Bassanago albescensnative Hairy conger  
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Bassogigas gilliinative   
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Bassozetus compressusnative Abyssal assfish  
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Bassozetus normalisnative   
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Bassozetus robustusnative Robust assfish  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Bathophilus aternative Winged dragonfish  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Bathophilus irregularisnative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Bathophilus nigerrimusnative Scaleless dragonfish  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Bathophilus pawneeinative Pawnee dragonfish  
Perciformes Serranidae Bathyanthias roseusnative   
Anguilliformes Congridae Bathycongrus bullisinative Bullish conger  
Perciformes Gobiidae Bathygobius antilliensisnative Antilles frillfin  
Perciformes Gobiidae Bathygobius soporatornative Frillfin goby Peixe-capim 
Aulopiformes Ipnopidae Bathymicrops regisnative   
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Bathyonus laticepsnative   
Aulopiformes Ipnopidae Bathypterois filiferusnative   
Aulopiformes Ipnopidae Bathypterois grallatornative Tripodfish  
Aulopiformes Ipnopidae Bathypterois perceptornative   
Aulopiformes Ipnopidae Bathypterois phenaxnative Blackfin spiderfish  
Aulopiformes Ipnopidae Bathypterois quadrifilisnative   
Rajiformes Arhynchobatidae Bathyraja schroederinative Whitemouth skate  
Aulopiformes Bathysauridae Bathysaurus feroxnative Deep-sea lizardfish Peixe-lagarto 
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Bathytoshia centrouranative Roughtail stingray Raia-manteiga 
Osmeriformes Alepocephalidae Bathytroctes squamosusnative Deepscale slickhead  
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Batrachoides surinamensisnative Pacuma toadfish Bodião 
Scorpaeniformes Triglidae Bellator brachychirnative Shortfin searobin  
Scorpaeniformes Triglidae Bellator ribeiroinative   
Perciformes Percophidae Bembrops heterurusnative Squaretail duckbill  
Torpediniformes Narcinidae Benthobatis krefftinative   
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Benthocometes robustusnative   
Perciformes Trichiuridae Benthodesmus elongatusnative Elongate frostfish  
Perciformes Trichiuridae Benthodesmus tenuisnative Slender frostfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Benthosema suborbitalenative Smallfin lanternfish  
Perciformes Labridae Bodianus insularisnative Island hogfish Bodião 
Perciformes Labridae Bodianus pulchellusnative Spotfin hogfish Bodião 
Perciformes Labridae Bodianus rufusnative Spanish hogfish Bodião 
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Bolinichthys distofaxnative   
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Bolinichthys photothoraxnative Spurcheek lanternfish  
Perciformes Gobiidae Bollmannia boqueronensisnative White-eye goby  
Stomiiformes Gonostomatidae Bonapartia pedaliotanative Longray fangjaw  
Perciformes Haemulidae Boridia grossidensnative Borriqueta porgy Sargo 
Pleuronectiformes Bothidae Bothus lunatusnative Plate fish Solha 
Pleuronectiformes Bothidae Bothus ocellatusnative Eyed flounder Linguado 
Pleuronectiformes Bothidae Bothus robinsinative Twospot flounder Linguado 
Perciformes Bramidae Brama bramanative Atlantic pomfret  
Perciformes Bramidae Brama caribbeanative Caribbean pomfret Palombeta 
Perciformes Bramidae Brama dussumierinative Lesser bream Palombeta 
Gadiformes Bregmacerotidae Bregmaceros atlanticusnative Antenna codlet  
Gadiformes Bregmacerotidae Bregmaceros cantorinative Striped codlet  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Brevoortia aureanative Brazilian menhaden Savelha 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Brevoortia pectinatanative Argentine menhaden Savelha 
Perciformes Labrisomidae Brockius nigricinctusnative Spotcheek blenny  
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Brotula barbatanative Bearded brotula  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Bryx dunckerinative Pugnose pipefish Peixe-cachimbo 
Lophiiformes Diceratiidae Bufoceratias wedlinative   
Perciformes Eleotridae Butis koilomatodonintroduced Mud sleeper  
Perciformes Sparidae Calamus bajonadonative Jolthead porgy Pena-salgo 
Perciformes Sparidae Calamus calamusnative Saucereye porgy Peixe-pena 
Perciformes Sparidae Calamus muendemic Flathead porgy Peixe-pena 
Perciformes Sparidae Calamus pennanative Sheepshead porgy Pargo-pena 
Perciformes Sparidae Calamus pennatulanative Pluma porgy Peixe pena 
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Callechelys bilinearisnative Twostripe snake eel  
Perciformes Callionymidae Callionymus bairdinative Lancer dragonet Peixe pau 
Chimaeriformes Callorhinchidae Callorhinchus callorynchusnative Plownose chimaera Peixe-coelho 
Tetraodontiformes Monacanthidae Cantherhines macrocerusnative American whitespotted filefish Peixe-porco 
Tetraodontiformes Monacanthidae Cantherhines pullusnative Orangespotted filefish Porco-pintado 
Tetraodontiformes Balistidae Canthidermis sufflamennative Ocean triggerfish Peixe-porco 
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Canthigaster figueiredoinative Southern Atlantic sharpnose-puffer Baiacu-mirim 
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Caralophia loxochilanative Slantlip eel  
Perciformes Carangidae Carangoides bartholomaeinative Yellow jack Xerelete-amarelo 
Perciformes Carangidae Caranx crysosnative Blue runner Solteira 
Perciformes Carangidae Caranx hipposnative Crevalle jack Xexém 
Perciformes Carangidae Caranx latusnative Horse-eye jack Xerelete 
Perciformes Carangidae Caranx lugubrisnative Black jack Ferreiro 
Perciformes Carangidae Caranx rubernative Bar jack Xerelete azul 
Ophidiiformes Carapidae Carapus bermudensisnative Pearlfish Sarapó 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus acronotusnative Blacknose shark Cação 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus brachyurusnative Copper shark Cação 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus brevipinnanative Spinner shark Machote 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus falciformisnative Silky shark Cação 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus galapagensisnative Galapagos shark Cação 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus isodonnative Finetooth shark Cação-dente-liso 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus limbatusnative Blacktip shark Sicuri-de-ponta-preta 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus longimanusnative Oceanic whitetip shark Galha-branca 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus obscurusnative Dusky shark Cação fidalgo 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus pereziinative Caribbean reef shark Cação-coralino 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus plumbeusnative Sandbar shark Cação 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus porosusnative Smalltail shark Cação-azeiteiro 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus signatusnative Night shark Cação-noturno 
Lamniformes Odontaspididae Carcharias taurusnative Sand tiger shark Mangona 
Lamniformes Lamnidae Carcharodon carchariasnative Great white shark Tubarão branco 
Ophidiiformes Bythitidae Cataetyx messierinative   
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Catathyridium garmaninative  Linguado 
Siluriformes Ariidae Cathorops spixiinative Madamango sea catfish Bagre-amarelo 
Perciformes Malacanthidae Caulolatilus chrysopsnative Atlantic goldeneye tilefish Batata 
Syngnathiformes Centriscidae Centriscops humerosusnative Banded yellowfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Centrobranchus nigroocellatusnative Roundnose lanternfish  
Perciformes Draconettidae Centrodraco oregonusnative Brazilian slope dragonet  
Squaliformes Centrophoridae Centrophorus granulosusnative Gulper shark  
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus ensiferusnative Swordspine snook Robalo-galhudo 
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus mexicanusnative Largescale fat snook Robalo 
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus parallelusnative Fat snook Robalo peba 
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus pectinatusnative Tarpon snook Robalo-constantino 
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus undecimalisnative Common snook Robalo-de-galha 
Perciformes Pomacanthidae Centropyge aurantonotusnative Flameback angelfish Peixe-anjo 
Squaliformes Somniosidae Centroscymnus coelolepisnative Portuguese dogfish  
Squaliformes Somniosidae Centroscymnus owstoniinative Roughskin dogfish  
Perciformes Serranidae Cephalopholis cruentatanative Graysby Garoupa-chita 
Perciformes Serranidae Cephalopholis fulvanative Coney Garoupa-pintada-da-Bahia 
Lophiiformes Ceratiidae Ceratias holboellinative Kroyer's deep-sea angler fish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Ceratoscopelus warmingiinative Warming's lantern fish  
Perciformes Microdesmidae Cerdale fasciataendemic   
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Cetengraulis edentulusnative Atlantic anchoveta Sardinha 
Lamniformes Cetorhinidae Cetorhinus maximusnative Basking shark Peregrino 
Perciformes Ephippidae Chaetodipterus fabernative Atlantic spadefish Tareira 
Perciformes Chaetodontidae Chaetodon ocellatusnative Spotfin butterflyfish Borboleta-amarelo 
Perciformes Chaetodontidae Chaetodon sedentariusnative Reef butterflyfish Borboleta-mariposa 
Perciformes Chaetodontidae Chaetodon striatusnative Banded butterflyfish Borboleta-listrado 
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Channomuraena vittatanative Broadbanded moray  
Pleuronectiformes Bothidae Chascanopsetta lugubrisnative Pelican flounder Linguado 
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Chauliodus minimusnative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Chauliodus sloaninative Sloane's viperfish  
Beloniformes Exocoetidae Cheilopogon cyanopterusnative Margined flyingfish Voador-de-fernando 
Beloniformes Exocoetidae Cheilopogon exsiliensnative Bandwing flyingfish Voador-do-alto 
Beloniformes Exocoetidae Cheilopogon melanurusnative Atlantic flyingfish Voador 
Beloniformes Exocoetidae Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus pinnatibarbatusnative Bennett's flyingfish Tainhota-voadeira 
Tetraodontiformes Diodontidae Chilomycterus antillarumnative Web burrfish Baiacu-de-espinho 
Tetraodontiformes Diodontidae Chilomycterus reticulatusnative Spotfin burrfish Baiacu-de-espinho 
Tetraodontiformes Diodontidae Chilomycterus schoepfiinative Striped burrfish Baiacu-de-espinho-listrado 
Tetraodontiformes Diodontidae Chilomycterus spinosus spinosusnative  Baiacu-de-espinho 
Anguilliformes Chlopsidae Chilorhinus suensoniinative Seagrass eel Congro-mirim 
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Chirocentrodon bleekerianusnative Dogtooth herring Sardinha 
Anguilliformes Chlopsidae Chlopsis bicolornative Bicolor eel Moréia 
Anguilliformes Chlopsidae Chlopsis dentatusnative Mottled false moray  
Aulopiformes Chlorophthalmidae Chlorophthalmus agassizinative Shortnose greeneye  
Aulopiformes Chlorophthalmidae Chlorophthalmus brasiliensisnative   
Perciformes Carangidae Chloroscombrus chrysurusnative Atlantic bumper Juvá 
Perciformes Pomacentridae Chromis enchrysuranative Yellowtail reeffish  
Perciformes Pomacentridae Chromis flavicaudanative Cobalt chromis Donzela 
Perciformes Pomacentridae Chromis jubaunanative   
Perciformes Pomacentridae Chromis multilineatanative Brown chromis Donzela 
Perciformes Pomacentridae Chromis scottinative Purple reeffish  
Squaliformes Squalidae Cirrhigaleus aspernative Roughskin spurdog  
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Citharichthys arenaceusnative Sand whiff Linguado 
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Citharichthys cornutusnative Horned whiff Linguado 
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Citharichthys dinocerosnative Spined whiff Linguado 
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Citharichthys spilopterusnative Bay whiff Linguado 
Perciformes Labridae Clepticus brasiliensisendemic   
Aulopiformes Evermannellidae Coccorella atlanticanative Atlantic sabretooth  
Gadiformes Macrouridae Coelorinchus caribbaeusnative Blackfin grenadier Peixe-rato 
Gadiformes Macrouridae Coelorinchus mariniinative Marini's grenadier Peixe-rato 
Anguilliformes Colocongridae Coloconger meadinative   
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Colomesus psittacusnative Banded puffer Baiacu 
Anguilliformes Congridae Conger esculentusnative Grey conger  
Anguilliformes Congridae Conger orbignianusnative Argentine conger Congro 
Anguilliformes Congridae Conger triporicepsnative Manytooth conger Congro-dentão 
Osmeriformes Alepocephalidae Conocara macropterumnative Longfin smooth-head  
Perciformes Haemulidae Conodon nobilisnative Barred grunt Coró-de-listra 
Perciformes Priacanthidae Cookeolus japonicusnative Longfinned bullseye  
Beryciformes Holocentridae Corniger spinosusnative Spinycheek soldierfish Mariquita-vovó 
Perciformes Coryphaenidae Coryphaena equiselisnative Pompano dolphinfish Dourado 
Perciformes Coryphaenidae Coryphaena hippurusnative Common dolphinfish Dourado-de-alto-mar 
Gadiformes Macrouridae Coryphaenoides armatusnative Abyssal grenadier  
Perciformes Gobiidae Coryphopterus dicrusnative Colon goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Coryphopterus eidolonnative Pallid goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Coryphopterus glaucofraenumnative Bridled goby Maria-da-toca 
Perciformes Gobiidae Coryphopterus thrixnative Bartail goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Coryphopterus venezuelaenative   
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Cosmocampus albirostrisnative Whitenose pipefish Peixe-cachimbo 
Scorpaeniformes Psychrolutidae Cottunculus granulosusnative Fathead  
Perciformes Scaridae Cryptotomus roseusnative Bluelip parrotfish Budião 
Perciformes Gobiidae Ctenogobius boleosomanative Darter goby Amoré 
Perciformes Gobiidae Ctenogobius saepepallensnative Dash goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Ctenogobius smaragdusnative Emerald goby Amoré 
Perciformes Gobiidae Ctenogobius stigmaticusnative Marked goby Amoré 
Perciformes Gobiidae Ctenogobius thoropsisnative Sperm goby  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Ctenosciaena gracilicirrhusnative Barbel drum Cangauá 
Perciformes Nomeidae Cubiceps capensisnative Cape fathead  
Perciformes Nomeidae Cubiceps pauciradiatusnative Bigeye cigarfish  
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Cyclopsetta chittendeninative Mexican flounder Linguado 
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Cyclopsetta fimbriatanative Spotfin flounder Linguado 
Stomiiformes Gonostomatidae Cyclothone albanative Bristlemouth  
Stomiiformes Gonostomatidae Cyclothone brauerinative Garrick  
Stomiiformes Gonostomatidae Cyclothone parapallidanative Shadow bristlemouth  
Stomiiformes Gonostomatidae Cyclothone pseudopallidanative Slender bristlemouth  
Anguilliformes Muraenesocidae Cynoponticus savannanative Guayana pike-conger Congro 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Cynoscion acoupanative Acoupa weakfish Tacupapirerna 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Cynoscion guatucupanative Stripped weakfish Maria-mole 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Cynoscion jamaicensisnative Jamaica weakfish Goete 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Cynoscion leiarchusnative Smooth weakfish Pescada-cambucu 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Cynoscion microlepidotusnative Smallscale weakfish Pescada-bicuda 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Cynoscion similisnative Tonkin weakfish Pescada 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Cynoscion steindachnerinative Smalltooth weakfish Pescada-verdadeira 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Cynoscion striatusnative Striped weakfish Pescadinha-olhuda 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Cynoscion virescensnative Green weakfish Corvina 
Beloniformes Exocoetidae Cypselurus comatusnative Clearwing flyingfish Voador-holandês 
Rajiformes Rajidae Dactylobatus armatusnative Skilletskate  
Rajiformes Rajidae Dactylobatus clarkiinative Hookskate  
Scorpaeniformes Dactylopteridae Dactylopterus volitansnative Flying gurnard Voador-cascudo 
Perciformes Dactyloscopidae Dactyloscopus crossotusnative Bigeye stargazer  
Perciformes Dactyloscopidae Dactyloscopus foraminosusnative Reticulate stargazer  
Perciformes Dactyloscopidae Dactyloscopus poeyinative Shortchin stargazer  
Perciformes Dactyloscopidae Dactyloscopus tridigitatusnative Sand stargazer Mira-céu-da-areia 
Squaliformes Dalatiidae Dalatias lichanative Kitefin shark  
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Dasyatis hypostigmanative   
Perciformes Carangidae Decapterus macarellusnative Mackerel scad Carapau 
Perciformes Carangidae Decapterus punctatusnative Round scad Carapau 
Perciformes Carangidae Decapterus tablnative Roughear scad  
Perciformes Serranidae Dermatolepis inermisnative Marbled grouper Piranema-pintado 
Lampriformes Trachipteridae Desmodema polystictumnative Polka-dot ribbonfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus anderseninative Andersen's lantern fish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus bertelseninative Bertelsen's lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus brachycephalusnative Short-headed lantern fish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus dumeriliinative   
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus effulgensnative Headlight fish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus fragilisnative Fragile lantern fish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus garmaninative Garman's lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus hudsoninative Hudson's lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus meadinative Mead's lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus metopoclampusnative Spothead lantern fish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus mollisnative Soft lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus ostenfeldinative Ostenfeld's lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus perspicillatusnative Transparent lantern fish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus problematicusnative Problematic lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus splendidusnative Horned lanternfish  
Perciformes Gerreidae Diapterus auratusnative Irish mojarra Carapeva 
Perciformes Gerreidae Diapterus rhombeusnative Caitipa mojarra Carapeba branca 
Anguilliformes Synaphobranchidae Diastobranchus capensisnative Basketwork eel  
Lophiiformes Ogcocephalidae Dibranchus atlanticusnative Atlantic batfish Peixe-morcego 
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Dicrolene kanazawainative   
Tetraodontiformes Diodontidae Diodon eydouxiinative Pelagic porcupinefish Baiacu-de-espinho 
Tetraodontiformes Diodontidae Diodon holocanthusnative Longspined porcupinefish Baiacu-de-espinho 
Tetraodontiformes Diodontidae Diodon hystrixnative Spot-fin porcupinefish Graviola 
Ophidiiformes Bythitidae Diplacanthopoma brachysomanative   
Perciformes Serranidae Diplectrum bivittatumnative Dwarf sand perch Michole-da-areia 
Perciformes Serranidae Diplectrum formosumnative Sand perch Michole 
Perciformes Serranidae Diplectrum radialenative Pond perch Michole-de-areia 
Torpediniformes Narcinidae Diplobatis pictusnative Painted electric ray  
Perciformes Sparidae Diplodus argenteusnative South American silver porgy Chinelão 
Stomiiformes Gonostomatidae Diplophos australisnative   
Stomiiformes Gonostomatidae Diplophos taenianative Pacific portholefish  
Perciformes Gempylidae Diplospinus multistriatusnative Striped escolar  
Rajiformes Rajidae Dipturus diehlinative Thorny tail skate Raia-de-cauda-espinhosa 
Rajiformes Rajidae Dipturus leptocaudanative Thintail skate  
Rajiformes Rajidae Dipturus menniinative South Brazilian skate South Brazilian skate 
Rajiformes Rajidae Dipturus teevaninative Prickly brown ray  
Torpediniformes Narcinidae Discopyge tschudiinative Apron ray  
Osmeriformes Opisthoproctidae Dolichopteroides binocularisnative   
Osmeriformes Opisthoproctidae Dolichopteryx anascopanative   
Aulopiformes Paralepididae Dolichosudis fuliginosanative   
Perciformes Labridae Doratonotus megalepisnative Dwarf wrasse Budião 
Perciformes Serranidae Dules auriganative  Mariquita 
Anguilliformes Synaphobranchidae Dysommina rugosanative   
Perciformes Echeneidae Echeneis naucratesnative Live sharksucker Piraquiba 
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Echidna catenatanative Chain moray Moréia 
Squaliformes Echinorhinidae Echinorhinus brucusnative Bramble shark  
Ophidiiformes Carapidae Echiodon cryomargaritesnative Messmate  
Ophidiiformes Carapidae Echiodon dawsoninative Chain pearlfish  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Echiophis intertinctusnative Spotted spoon-nose eel Congro 
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Echiophis punctifernative Stippled spoon-nose eel  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Echiostoma barbatumnative Threadfin dragonfish  
Perciformes Gobiidae Elacatinus figaronative Barber goby Barber goby 
Perciformes Gobiidae Elacatinus phthirophagusnative Noronha cleaner goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Elacatinus pridisinative   
Perciformes Carangidae Elagatis bipinnulatanative Rainbow runner Camisa de meia 
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Electrona rissonative Electric lantern fish  
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris pisonisnative Spinycheek sleeper Peixe-macaco 
Elopiformes Elopidae Elops saurusnative Ladyfish Albarana 
Perciformes Chaenopsidae Emblemaria australisnative   
Perciformes Chaenopsidae Emblemariopsis occidentalisnative Flagfin blenny  
Perciformes Chaenopsidae Emblemariopsis signifernative   
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Enchelycore carychroanative Chestnut moray  
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Enchelycore nigricansnative Viper moray Moréia-negra 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Engraulis anchoitanative Argentine anchovy Enchoveta 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Engraulis eurystolenative Silver anchovy Anchoveta 
Pleuronectiformes Bothidae Engyophrys sentanative American spiny flounder Linguado 
Perciformes Tripterygiidae Enneanectes altivelisnative Lofty triplefin  
Perciformes Blenniidae Entomacrodus vomerinusendemic   
Perciformes Epigonidae Epigonus robustusnative Robust cardinalfish  
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus adscensionisnative Rock hind Garoupa-pintada 
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus guttatusnative Red hind Garoupa-pintada 
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus itajaranative Atlantic goliath grouper Merete 
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus marginatusnative Dusky grouper Piracuca 
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus morionative Red grouper Garoupa de Sao Tomé 
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus striatusnative Nassau grouper Garoupa-de-trindade 
Myxiniformes Myxinidae Eptatretus menezesinative   
Myxiniformes Myxinidae Eptatretus multidensnative   
Perciformes Sciaenidae Equetus lanceolatusnative Jack-knifefish Bilro 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Equetus punctatusnative Spotted drum Bacalhau 
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Eretmichthys pinnatusnative   
Perciformes Eleotridae Erotelis smaragdusnative Emerald sleeper Amoré 
Perciformes Lutjanidae Etelis oculatusnative Queen snapper Pargo mariquita 
Squaliformes Etmopteridae Etmopterus bigelowinative Blurred smooth lantern shark  
Squaliformes Etmopteridae Etmopterus gracilispinisnative Broadbanded lanternshark  
Squaliformes Etmopteridae Etmopterus granulosusnative Southern lanternshark  
Squaliformes Etmopteridae Etmopterus hillianusnative Caribbean lanternshark  
Squaliformes Etmopteridae Etmopterus pusillusnative Smooth lanternshark  
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Etropus crossotusnative Fringed flounder Linguado 
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Etropus longimanusnative  Linguado 
Perciformes Gerreidae Eucinostomus argenteusnative Silver mojarra Carapicu-pena 
Perciformes Gerreidae Eucinostomus gulanative Jenny mojarra Carapeba 
Perciformes Gerreidae Eucinostomus harengulusnative Tidewater mojarra Carapicu-açu 
Perciformes Gerreidae Eucinostomus havananative Bigeye mojarra Carapicu 
Perciformes Gerreidae Eucinostomus jonesiinative Slender mojarra Carapicu 
Perciformes Gerreidae Eucinostomus melanopterusnative Flagfin mojarra Carapicu 
Perciformes Gerreidae Eugerres brasilianusnative Brazilian mojarra Carapeba de listra 
Perciformes Gerreidae Eugerres plumierinative Striped mojarra Carapeba-listrada 
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Euleptorhamphus veloxnative Flying halfbeak Agulhinha 
Lampriformes Lophotidae Eumecichthys fiskinative Unicorn crestfish  
Perciformes Bramidae Eumegistus brevortinative Tropical pomfret Olho-de-Ovo 
Squaliformes Dalatiidae Euprotomicrus bispinatusnative Pygmy shark  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Eustomias brauerinative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Eustomias dendriticusnative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Eustomias enbarbatusnative Barbate dragonfish  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Eustomias filifernative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Eustomias fissibarbisnative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Eustomias furcifernative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Eustomias ignotusnative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Eustomias krefftinative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Eustomias longibarbanative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Eustomias macronemanative Bigbarb dragonfish  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Eustomias macrurusnative Yellowstem dragonfish  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Eustomias obscurusnative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Eustomias simplexnative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Eustomias spherulifernative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Eustomias tenisoninative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Eustomias tetranemanative   
Perciformes Scombridae Euthynnus alletteratusnative Little tunny Bonito-pintado 
Aulopiformes Evermannellidae Evermannella balbonative Balbo sabretooth  
Perciformes Gobiidae Evorthodus lyricusnative Lyre goby Amoré 
Perciformes Trichiuridae Evoxymetopon taeniatusnative Channel scabbardfish Tirante 
Beloniformes Exocoetidae Exocoetus obtusirostrisnative Oceanic two-wing flyingfish Voador 
Beloniformes Exocoetidae Exocoetus volitansnative Tropical two-wing flyingfish Cajaleó 
Syngnathiformes Fistulariidae Fistularia petimbanative Red cornetfish Agulhão-trombeta 
Syngnathiformes Fistulariidae Fistularia tabacarianative Cornetfish Peixe-corneta 
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Flagellostomias boureeinative Longbarb dragonfish  
Perciformes Callionymidae Foetorepus agassiziinative Spotfin dragonet Mandarim 
Perciformes Callionymidae Foetorepus dagmaraenative Dagmar’s dragonet  
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Fontitrygon colarensisendemic Colares stingray  
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Fontitrygon geijskesinative Sharpsnout stingray Arraia-morcego 
Gadiformes Moridae Gadella imberbisnative Beardless codling  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Galeocerdo cuviernative Tiger shark Cação-jaguará 
Carcharhiniformes Triakidae Galeorhinus galeusnative Tope shark Tubarão-vitamínico 
Carcharhiniformes Scyliorhinidae Galeus mincaroneinative Southern sawtail catshark Tubarão-cauda-de-serra-do-sul 
Perciformes Scombridae Gasterochisma melampusnative Butterfly kingfish  
Perciformes Gempylidae Gempylus serpensnative Snake mackerel Lanceta 
Siluriformes Ariidae Genidens barbusnative White sea catfish Bagre-branco 
Siluriformes Ariidae Genidens genidensnative Guri sea catfish Bagre urutu 
Siluriformes Ariidae Genidens machadoinative  Bagre do Corso 
Siluriformes Ariidae Genidens planifronsnative  Bagre 
Perciformes Haemulidae Genyatremus cavifronsnative   
Perciformes Haemulidae Genyatremus luteusnative Torroto grunt Saguá 
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Genypterus blacodesnative Pink cusk-eel Congro-rosa 
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Genypterus brasiliensisnative  Congro-rosa 
Beryciformes Trachichthyidae Gephyroberyx darwiniinative Darwin's slimehead  
Perciformes Gerreidae Gerres cinereusnative Yellow fin mojarra Carapicu-açú 
Perciformes Dactyloscopidae Gillellus greyaenative Arrow stargazer  
Orectolobiformes Ginglymostomatidae Ginglymostoma cirratumnative Nurse shark Tubarão-pajem 
Osmeriformes Argentinidae Glossanodon pygmaeusnative Pygmy argentine  
Perciformes Gobiidae Gnatholepis thompsoninative Goldspot goby  
Gobiesociformes Gobiesocidae Gobiesox barbatulusnative Lappetlip clingfish  
Gobiesociformes Gobiesocidae Gobiesox strumosusnative Skilletfish Peixe-ventosa 
Perciformes Labrisomidae Gobioclinus guppyinative Mimic blenny  
Perciformes Labrisomidae Gobioclinus kalisheraenative Downy blenny Guavina 
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobioides broussonnetiinative Violet goby Cobra 
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobioides grahamaenative   
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobionellus stomatusendemic Muckraker Amoré 
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobiosoma alfieinative Alfie’s goby Amboré do Alfie 
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobiosoma hemigymnumnative Half naked goby Amboré zebra 
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobulus myersinative Paleback goby  
Perciformes Serranidae Gonioplectrus hispanusnative Spanish flag  
Stomiiformes Gonostomatidae Gonostoma atlanticumnative Atlantic fangjaw  
Perciformes Grammatidae Gramma brasiliensisendemic Brazilian basslet Grama 
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Grammatostomias circularisnative   
Perciformes Eleotridae Guavina guavinanative Guavina Amburé 
Rajiformes Rajidae Gurgesiella atlanticanative Atlantic pygmy skate  
Rajiformes Rajidae Gurgesiella dorsaliferanative Onefin skate  
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Gymnachirus nudusnative Naked sole Solha 
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Gymnoscopelus nicholsinative Nichol's lanternfish  
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Gymnothorax conspersusnative Saddled moray  
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Gymnothorax funebrisnative Green moray Tororó 
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Gymnothorax miliarisnative Goldentail moray Moréia-dourada 
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Gymnothorax moringanative Spotted moray Mussulina 
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Gymnothorax ocellatusnative Ocellated moray Miroró 
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Gymnothorax polygoniusnative Polygon moray  
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Gymnothorax vicinusnative Purplemouth moray Amoréia 
Myliobatiformes Gymnuridae Gymnura altavelanative Spiny butterfly ray Raia-borboleta 
Myliobatiformes Gymnuridae Gymnura hirundonative Madeira butterfly ray Raia-borboleta 
Myliobatiformes Gymnuridae Gymnura micruranative Smooth butterfly ray Arraia 
Perciformes Haemulidae Haemulon albumnative White margate Corcoroca 
Perciformes Haemulidae Haemulon aurolineatumnative Tomtate grunt Cotinga 
Perciformes Haemulidae Haemulon carbonariumnative Caesar grunt Xira 
Perciformes Haemulidae Haemulon chrysargyreumnative Smallmouth grunt Cocoroca-boquinha 
Perciformes Haemulidae Haemulon flavolineatumnative French grunt Cambuba 
Perciformes Haemulidae Haemulon macrostomumnative Spanish grunt Cocoroca-espanhola 
Perciformes Haemulidae Haemulon melanurumnative Cottonwick grunt Sapurana-de-lista 
Perciformes Haemulidae Haemulon parranative Sailor's grunt Corcoroca-mulata 
Perciformes Haemulidae Haemulon plumieriinative White grunt Cocoroca 
Perciformes Haemulidae Haemulon schrankiinative   
Perciformes Haemulidae Haemulon sciurusnative Bluestriped grunt Xira amarela 
Perciformes Haemulidae Haemulon squamipinnaendemic   
Perciformes Haemulidae Haemulon steindachnerinative Chere-chere grunt Xirão 
Perciformes Haemulidae Haemulon striatumnative Striped grunt Xira 
Perciformes Haemulidae Haemulopsis corvinaeformisnative Roughneck grunt Cocoroca 
Perciformes Labridae Halichoeres bivittatusnative Slippery dick Budião 
Perciformes Labridae Halichoeres brasiliensisnative Brazilian wrasse Bodião brasileiro 
Perciformes Labridae Halichoeres cyanocephalusnative Yellowcheek wrasse Peixe-rei 
Perciformes Labridae Halichoeres dimidiatusnative   
Perciformes Labridae Halichoeres garnotinative Yellowhead wrasse Gudião-amarelo 
Perciformes Labridae Halichoeres maculipinnanative Clown wrasse Budião 
Perciformes Labridae Halichoeres penroseinative   
Perciformes Labridae Halichoeres poeyinative Blackear wrasse Gudião 
Perciformes Labridae Halichoeres radiatusnative Puddingwife wrasse Bindalo 
Perciformes Labridae Halichoeres rubrovirensendemic   
Perciformes Labridae Halichoeres sazimainative   
Notacanthiformes Halosauridae Halosauropsis macrochirnative Abyssal halosaur  
Anguilliformes Synaphobranchidae Haptenchelys texisnative   
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Harengula clupeolanative False herring Sardinha 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Harengula jaguananative Scaled herring Sardinha 
Chimaeriformes Rhinochimaeridae Harriotta raleighananative Pacific longnose chimaera  
Scorpaeniformes Sebastidae Helicolenus dactylopterusnative Blackbelly rosefish  
Scorpaeniformes Sebastidae Helicolenus lahilleinative   
Perciformes Serranidae Hemanthias leptusnative Longtail bass  
Perciformes Carangidae Hemicaranx amblyrhynchusnative Bluntnose jack Palombeta 
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Hemiramphus balaonative Balao halfbeak Agulha 
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Hemiramphus brasiliensisnative Ballyhoo halfbeak Agulhinha 
Hexanchiformes Hexanchidae Heptranchias perlonative Sharpnose sevengill shark  
Anguilliformes Congridae Heteroconger camelopardalisnative   
Anguilliformes Congridae Heteroconger longissimusnative Brown garden eel  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Heterophotus ophistomanative Wingfin snaggletooth  
Perciformes Priacanthidae Heteropriacanthus cruentatusnative Glasseye Imperador 
Hexanchiformes Hexanchidae Hexanchus griseusnative Bluntnose sixgill shark Cação-bruxa 
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Himantura schmardaenative Chupare stingray  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Hippocampus erectusnative Lined seahorse Cavalo-marinho 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Hippocampus reidinative Longsnout seahorse Cavalo-marinho 
Beloniformes Exocoetidae Hirundichthys affinisnative Fourwing flyingfish Voador 
Beloniformes Exocoetidae Hirundichthys rondeletiinative Black wing flyingfish Voador 
Beloniformes Exocoetidae Hirundichthys speculigernative Mirrorwing flyingfish Voadeira 
Anguilliformes Synaphobranchidae Histiobranchus australisnative   
Lophiiformes Antennariidae Histrio histrionative Sargassumfish Peixe-pescador 
Perciformes Pomacanthidae Holacanthus ciliarisnative Queen angelfish Anjo-rainha 
Perciformes Pomacanthidae Holacanthus tricolornative Rock beauty Tricolor 
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Holcomycteronus squamosusnative   
Beryciformes Holocentridae Holocentrus adscensionisnative Squirrelfish Mariquita olhão 
Beryciformes Holocentridae Holocentrus rufusnative Longspine squirrelfish  
Characiformes Erythrinidae Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatusnative Aimara Traíra pixuna 
Beryciformes Trachichthyidae Hoplostethus occidentalisnative Atlantic Roughy  
Anguilliformes Nettastomatidae Hoplunnis tenuisnative Spotted pike-conger  
Chimaeriformes Chimaeridae Hydrolagus matallanasinative Striped rabbitfish Quimera-malhada 
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Hygophum hygomiinative Bermuda lantern fish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Hygophum reinhardtiinative Reinhardt's lantern fish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Hygophum taaninginative Tåning’s lanternfish  
Gadiformes Macrouridae Hymenocephalus billsamnative   
Gadiformes Macrouridae Hymenocephalus italicusnative Glasshead grenadier  
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Hypanus americanusnative Southern stingray Raia-prego 
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Hypanus guttatusnative Longnose stingray Arraia branca 
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Hypanus marianaeendemic Brazilian large-eyed stingray Raia mariquita 
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Hypanus saynative Bluntnose stingray Raia 
Perciformes Centrolophidae Hyperoglyphe macrophthalmanative   
Perciformes Blenniidae Hypleurochilus aequipinnisnative Oyster blenny  
Perciformes Blenniidae Hypleurochilus brasilnative Brazil blenny Brazil blenny 
Perciformes Blenniidae Hypleurochilus fissicornisnative  Maria-da-toca 
Perciformes Blenniidae Hypleurochilus pseudoaequipinnisnative   
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Hyporhamphus roberti robertinative Slender halfbeak Agulha 
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Hyporhamphus unifasciatusnative Common halfbeak Peixe-agulha 
Perciformes Serranidae Hyporthodus flavolimbatusnative Yellowedge grouper Cherne-amarelo 
Perciformes Serranidae Hyporthodus nigritusnative Warsaw grouper Cherne-negro 
Perciformes Serranidae Hyporthodus niveatusnative Snowy grouper Cherne 
Perciformes Blenniidae Hypsoblennius invemarnative Tessellated blenny  
Stomiiformes Phosichthyidae Ichthyococcus australisnative Southern lightfish  
Stomiiformes Phosichthyidae Ichthyococcus ovatusnative Lightfish  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Idiacanthus atlanticusnative Black dragonfish  
Squaliformes Dalatiidae Isistius brasiliensisnative Cookie cutter shark Cação luminosos 
Squaliformes Dalatiidae Isistius plutodusnative Largetooth cookiecutter shark  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Isogomphodon oxyrhynchusnative Daggernose shark Cação bicudo 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Isopisthus parvipinnisnative Bigtooth corvina Araúja 
Perciformes Istiophoridae Istiophorus albicansnative Atlantic sailfish Agulhão-bandeira 
Lamniformes Lamnidae Isurus oxyrinchusnative Shortfin mako Mako 
Lamniformes Lamnidae Isurus paucusnative Longfin mako Anequim-preto 
Perciformes Istiophoridae Kajikia albidanative Atlantic white marlin Marlin-branco 
Perciformes Chiasmodontidae Kali colubrinanative   
Perciformes Chiasmodontidae Kali kerbertinative   
Perciformes Scombridae Katsuwonus pelamisnative Skipjack tuna Bonito-listrado 
Anguilliformes Chlopsidae Kaupichthys hyoproroidesnative False moray  
Perciformes Kyphosidae Kyphosus atlanticusnative   
Perciformes Kyphosidae Kyphosus incisornative Yellow sea chub Pirajica 
Perciformes Kyphosidae Kyphosus sectatrixnative Bermuda sea chub Pirangica 
Anguilliformes Nemichthyidae Labichthys carinatusnative   
Perciformes Labrisomidae Labrisomus conditusnative Masquerader hairy blenny Masquerader hairy blenny 
Perciformes Labrisomidae Labrisomus cricotanative Mock blenny Amborê 
Perciformes Labrisomidae Labrisomus nuchipinnisnative Hairy blenny Macaco 
Tetraodontiformes Ostraciidae Lactophrys bicaudalisnative Spotted trunkfish Baiacu caixão 
Tetraodontiformes Ostraciidae Lactophrys trigonusnative Buffalo trunkfish Peixe-cofre 
Tetraodontiformes Ostraciidae Lactophrys triqueternative Smooth trunkfish Cofre 
Gadiformes Moridae Laemonema goodebeanorumnative   
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Lagocephalus guentherinative Diamondback puffer Baiacu 
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Lagocephalus laevigatusnative Smooth puffer Guamaiacu 
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Lagocephalus lagocephalusnative Oceanic puffer Baiacu 
Lamniformes Lamnidae Lamna nasusnative Porbeagle Marracho 
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Lampadena luminosanative Luminous lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Lampanyctus lepidolychnusnative Mermaid lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Lampanyctus nobilisnative Noble lampfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Lampanyctus pusillusnative Pygmy lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Lampanyctus tenuiformisnative Slender lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Lampichthys procerusnative Blackhead lanternfish  
Lampriformes Lampridae Lampris guttatusnative Opah Peixe-papagaio 
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Lamprogrammus brunswiginative   
Perciformes Sciaenidae Larimus brevicepsnative Shorthead drum Pescada boca mole 
Perciformes Gempylidae Lepidocybium flavobrunneumnative Escolar  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Lepidophanes guentherinative Günther’s lanternfish  
Perciformes Trichiuridae Lepidopus altifronsnative Crested scabbardfish  
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Lepophidium brevibarbenative Shortbeard cusk-eel  
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Lepophidium colletteinative Brazilian cusk-eel  
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Lepophidium pheromystaxnative Blackedge cusk-eel  
Osmeriformes Alepocephalidae Leptoderma macropsnative Grenadier smooth-head  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Leptostomias gladiatornative   
Aulopiformes Paralepididae Lestidiops affinisnative Barracudina  
Aulopiformes Paralepididae Lestidiops jayakarinative Pacific barracudina  
Aulopiformes Paralepididae Lestidium atlanticumnative Atlantic barracudina  
Aulopiformes Paralepididae Lestrolepis intermedianative   
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Letharchus aliculatusnative   
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Leucicorus atlanticusnative   
Perciformes Zoarcidae Leucogrammolycus brychiosnative White-line eelpout White-line eelpout 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Lile piquitinganative Atlantic piquitinga Piquitinga 
Perciformes Serranidae Liopropoma carmabinative Candy basslet  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Lobianchia dofleininative Dofleini's lantern fish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Lobianchia gemellariinative Cocco's lantern fish  
Perciformes Lobotidae Lobotes surinamensisnative Tripletail Pijareba 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Lonchurus elegansnative Blackfin croaker Betara 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Lonchurus lanceolatusnative Longtail croaker Pescada 
Lophiiformes Lophiidae Lophius gastrophysusnative Blackfin goosefish Lófio 
Perciformes Malacanthidae Lopholatilus villariinative Tile fish Batata-do-alto 
Lampriformes Lophotidae Lophotus lacepedenative Crested oarfish  
Gadiformes Macrouridae Lucigadus orinative Bronze whiptail  
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Luciobrotula brasiliensisnative   
Aulopiformes Notosudidae Luciosudis normaninative Paperbones  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Lutjanus alexandreinative  Brazilian snapper 
Perciformes Lutjanidae Lutjanus analisnative Mutton snapper Sioba 
Perciformes Lutjanidae Lutjanus apodusnative Schoolmaster snapper Mulata 
Perciformes Lutjanidae Lutjanus buccanellanative Blackfin snapper Vermelho 
Perciformes Lutjanidae Lutjanus cyanopterusnative Cubera snapper Caranho 
Perciformes Lutjanidae Lutjanus jocunative Dog snapper Bauna 
Perciformes Lutjanidae Lutjanus mahogoninative Mahogany snapper  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Lutjanus purpureusnative Southern red snapper Caranha 
Perciformes Lutjanidae Lutjanus synagrisnative Lane snapper Vermelho-arioco 
Perciformes Lutjanidae Lutjanus vivanusnative Silk snapper Papaterra-estrela 
Perciformes Luvaridae Luvarus imperialisnative Luvar  
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Lycengraulis grossidensnative Atlantic sabretooth anchovy Sardinha prata 
Perciformes Gobiidae Lythrypnus brasiliensisendemic   
Perciformes Sciaenidae Macrodon ancylodonnative King weakfish Pescada-foguete 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Macrodon atricaudanative Southern King Weakfish Pescada-Foguete 
Syngnathiformes Centriscidae Macroramphosus scolopaxnative Longspine snipefish  
Perciformes Istiophoridae Makaira nigricansnative Blue marlin Marlim-azul do Atlântico 
Perciformes Malacanthidae Malacanthus plumierinative Sand tilefish Pirá 
Gadiformes Macrouridae Malacocephalus laevisnative Softhead grenadier  
Gadiformes Macrouridae Malacocephalus occidentalisnative Western softhead grenadier  
Gadiformes Macrouridae Malacocephalus okamurainative   
Perciformes Labrisomidae Malacoctenus brunoinative   
Perciformes Labrisomidae Malacoctenus delalandiinative   
Perciformes Labrisomidae Malacoctenus triangulatusnative Saddled blenny  
Rajiformes Rajidae Malacoraja obscuranative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Malacosteus nigernative Stoplight loosejaw  
Stomiiformes Gonostomatidae Manducus maderensisnative   
Stomiiformes Gonostomatidae Margrethia obtusirostranative Bighead portholefish  
Tetraodontiformes Molidae Masturus lanceolatusnative Sharptail mola Peixe-lua 
Stomiiformes Sternoptychidae Maurolicus stehmanninative   
Lamniformes Megachasmidae Megachasma pelagiosnative Megamouth shark  
Elopiformes Megalopidae Megalops atlanticusnative Tarpon Camarupi 
Osmeriformes Bathylagidae Melanolagus bericoidesnative Bigscale deepsea smelt  
Gadiformes Melanonidae Melanonus zugmayerinative Arrowtail  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Melanostomias bartonbeaninative Scaleless black dragonfish  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Melanostomias biseriatusnative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Melanostomias melanopsnative   
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Melanostomias nigernative Fangtooth dragonfish  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Melanostomias tentaculatusnative Tentacle dragonfish  
Tetraodontiformes Balistidae Melichthys nigernative Black triggerfish Cangulo-negro 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Membras dissimilisnative   
Perciformes Sciaenidae Menticirrhus americanusnative Southern kingcroaker Papa-terra-de-assobio 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Menticirrhus littoralisnative Gulf kingcroaker Papa-terra 
Osmeriformes Platytroctidae Mentodus rostratusnative   
Gadiformes Merlucciidae Merluccius hubbsinative Argentine hake Merlusa 
Perciformes Microdesmidae Microdesmus bahianusnative   
Perciformes Microdesmidae Microdesmus longipinnisnative Pink wormfish  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Micrognathus crinitusnative Banded pipefish Agulha-do-mar 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Micrognathus erugatusendemic   
Perciformes Gobiidae Microgobius meekinative  Amborê 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis lineatusnative Opossum pipefish Sabiá 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Micropogonias furnierinative Whitemouth croaker Coruca 
Perciformes Pomacentridae Microspathodon chrysurusnative Yellowtail damselfish  
Osmeriformes Microstomatidae Microstoma microstomanative Slender argentine  
Lamniformes Mitsukurinidae Mitsukurina owstoninative Goblin shark Tubarão-gnomo 
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Mobula birostrisnative Giant manta Diabo-do-mar 
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Mobula hypostomanative Lesser devil ray Jamanta 
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Mobula japanicanative Spinetail mobula  
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Mobula rochebruneinative Lesser Guinean devil ray  
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Mobula tarapacananative Chilean devil ray  
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Mobula thurstoninative Smoothtail mobula  
Tetraodontiformes Molidae Mola molanative Ocean sunfish Peixe-roda 
Tetraodontiformes Monacanthidae Monacanthus ciliatusnative Fringed filefish Peruá 
Osmeriformes Opisthoproctidae Monacoa grimaldiinative Mirrorbelly  
Pleuronectiformes Bothidae Monolene sessilicaudanative Deepwater flounder Linguado 
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Monomitopus agassiziinative   
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Monomitopus americanusnative   
Anguilliformes Moringuidae Moringua edwardsinative Spaghetti eel  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil brevirostrisnative   
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil cephalusnative Flathead grey mullet Curemà 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil curemanative White mullet Caíca 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil curvidensnative Dwarf mullet Parati 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil gaimardianusnative Redeye mullet  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil hospesnative Hospe mullet Parati 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil incilisnative Parassi mullet Tainha olho de amarelho 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil lizanative Lebranche mullet Cambão 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil trichodonnative  Parati 
Perciformes Mullidae Mulloidichthys martinicusnative Yellow goatfish Saramunete 
Perciformes Mullidae Mullus argentinaenative Argentine goatfish Trilha 
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Muraena melanotisnative   
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Muraena pavoninanative Whitespot moray  
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Muraena retiferanative Reticulate moray  
Carcharhiniformes Triakidae Mustelus canisnative Dusky smooth-hound Cação cachorro 
Carcharhiniformes Triakidae Mustelus fasciatusnative Striped smooth-hound Canejo malhado 
Carcharhiniformes Triakidae Mustelus higmaninative Smalleye smooth-hound Cação 
Carcharhiniformes Triakidae Mustelus norrisinative Narrowfin smooth-hound Cação 
Carcharhiniformes Triakidae Mustelus schmittinative Narrownose smooth-hound Canejo 
Perciformes Serranidae Mycteroperca acutirostrisnative Comb grouper Badejete 
Perciformes Serranidae Mycteroperca bonacinative Black grouper Quadradinho 
Perciformes Serranidae Mycteroperca interstitialisnative Yellowmouth grouper Serigado 
Perciformes Serranidae Mycteroperca microlepisnative Gag Garoupa 
Perciformes Serranidae Mycteroperca tigrisnative Tiger grouper Serigado 
Perciformes Serranidae Mycteroperca venenosanative Yellowfin grouper Badejo 
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Myctophum affinenative Metallic lantern fish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Myctophum asperumnative Prickly lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Myctophum nitidulumnative Pearly lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Myctophum obtusirostrenative Bluntsnout lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Myctophum phengodesnative Bright lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Myctophum selenopsnative Wisner's lantern fish  
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Myliobatis freminvilleinative Bullnose eagle ray Arraia-sapo 
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Myliobatis goodeinative Southern eagle ray Raia-sapo 
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Myliobatis ridensnative Shortnose eagle ray  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Myrichthys brevicepsnative Sharptail eel  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Myrichthys ocellatusnative Goldspotted eel Moréia 
Beryciformes Holocentridae Myripristis jacobusnative Blackbar soldierfish Mariquita do alto 
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Myrophis platyrhynchusnative Broadnose worm eel  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Myrophis plumbeusnative Leaden worm eel  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Myrophis punctatusnative Speckled worm-eel Cutuca 
Myxiniformes Myxinidae Myxine australisnative   
Myxiniformes Myxinidae Myxine sotoinative   
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Nannobrachium atrumnative Dusky lanternfish  
Torpediniformes Narcinidae Narcine bancroftiinative Lesser electric ray  
Torpediniformes Narcinidae Narcine brasiliensisnative Brazilian electric ray Emplasto 
Perciformes Carangidae Naucrates ductornative Pilotfish Camisa de meia 
Perciformes Gempylidae Nealotus tripesnative Black snake mackerel  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Nebris micropsnative Smalleye croaker Pescada-banana 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Negaprion brevirostrisnative Lemon shark Cação-limão 
Perciformes Cheilodactylidae Nemadactylus berginative Castaneta Besugo 
Myxiniformes Myxinidae Nemamyxine krefftinative   
Anguilliformes Nemichthyidae Nemichthys scolopaceusnative Slender snipe eel  
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Neobythites braziliensisnative   
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Neobythites monocellatusnative   
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Neobythites ocellatusnative   
Anguilliformes Moringuidae Neoconger mucronatusnative Ridged eel  
Perciformes Gempylidae Neoepinnula americananative American sackfish  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Neonesthes capensisnative Cape snaggletooth  
Myctophiformes Neoscopelidae Neoscopelus macrolepidotusnative Large-scaled lantern fish  
Myctophiformes Neoscopelidae Neoscopelus microchirnative Shortfin neoscopelid  
Perciformes Gempylidae Nesiarchus nasutusnative Black gemfish  
Anguilliformes Nettastomatidae Nettastoma melanurumnative Blackfin sorcerer  
Gadiformes Macrouridae Nezumia aequalisnative Common Atlantic grenadier  
Perciformes Scaridae Nicholsina ustanative Emerald parrotfish Budião 
Perciformes Nomeidae Nomeus gronoviinative Man-of-war fish  
Osmeriformes Platytroctidae Normichthys yahganorumnative   
Notacanthiformes Notacanthidae Notacanthus sexspinisnative Spiny-back eel  
Siluriformes Ariidae Notarius grandicassisnative Thomas sea catfish Bagre-cabeçudo 
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Notolychnus valdiviaenative Topside lampfish  
Perciformes Zoarcidae Notolycodes schmidtinative   
Syngnathiformes Centriscidae Notopogon fernandezianusnative Orange bellowfish Beija-flor 
Hexanchiformes Hexanchidae Notorynchus cepedianusnative Broadnose sevengill shark Cação-bruxa 
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Notoscopelus caudispinosusnative Lobisomem  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Notoscopelus resplendensnative Patchwork lampfish  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Ocyurus chrysurusnative Yellowtail snapper Siova 
Lamniformes Odontaspididae Odontaspis feroxnative Smalltooth sand tiger  
Lamniformes Odontaspididae Odontaspis noronhainative Bigeye sand tiger shark Mangona 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes bonariensisnative Argentinian silverside Peixe-rei 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes incisanative  Mamarreis 
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Odontognathus mucronatusnative Guiana longfin herring Pelada 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Odontoscion dentexnative Reef croaker Pescada-dentuda 
Lophiiformes Ogcocephalidae Ogcocephalus nasutusnative Shortnose batfish Peixe-morcego 
Lophiiformes Ogcocephalidae Ogcocephalus notatusnative  Peixe-morcego 
Lophiiformes Ogcocephalidae Ogcocephalus parvusnative Roughback batfish Peixe-morcego 
Lophiiformes Ogcocephalidae Ogcocephalus vespertilionative Seadevil Oncocéfalo 
Perciformes Carangidae Oligoplites palometanative Maracaibo leatherjacket Guaivira 
Perciformes Carangidae Oligoplites saliensnative Castin leatherjacket Solteira 
Perciformes Carangidae Oligoplites saurusnative Leatherjacket Guajuvira 
Perciformes Blenniidae Omobranchus punctatusintroduced Muzzled blenny  
Pleuronectiformes Pleuronectidae Oncopterus darwiniinative Remo flounder Linguado 
Lophiiformes Oneirodidae Oneirodes notiusnative   
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Ophichthus brasiliensisnative   
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Ophichthus cylindroideusnative Dusky snake eel Cobra-do-mar 
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Ophichthus gomesiinative Shrimp eel Muçum do mar 
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Ophichthus menezesinative   
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Ophichthus ophisnative Spotted snake eel Muçum pintado 
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Ophichthus puncticepsnative Palespotted eel Muçum 
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Ophidion holbrookiinative Band cusk-eel Congro 
Perciformes Blenniidae Ophioblennius atlanticusnative  Punaru 
Perciformes Blenniidae Ophioblennius macclureinative Redlip blenny  
Perciformes Blenniidae Ophioblennius trinitatisnative   
Perciformes Sciaenidae Ophioscion punctatissimusnative Spotted croaker Pescada cabeça dura 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Opisthonema oglinumnative Atlantic thread herring Sardinha-de-penacho 
Osmeriformes Opisthoproctidae Opisthoproctus soleatusnative Barrel-eye  
Perciformes Opistognathidae Opistognathus aurifronsnative Yellowhead jawfish  
Perciformes Opistognathidae Opistognathus brasiliensisendemic Darkfin jawfish  
Perciformes Opistognathidae Opistognathus cuvieriiendemic Bartail jawfish  
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Opsanus betaintroduced Gulf toadfish  
Perciformes Haemulidae Orthopristis rubernative Corocoro grunt Cotinga 
Beryciformes Holocentridae Ostichthys trachypomanative Bigeye soldierfish  
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Otophidium chickcharneynative Ghost cusk-eel  
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Otophidium dormitatornative Sleeper cusk-eel  
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Oxyporhamphus similisnative False halfbeak  
Perciformes Zoarcidae Pachycara alepidotumnative   
Perciformes Sciaenidae Pachyurus squamipennisendemic  Corvina-preta 
Perciformes Sparidae Pagrus pagrusnative Red porgy Pargo-amarelo 
Perciformes Blenniidae Parablennius marmoreusnative Seaweed blenny  
Perciformes Blenniidae Parablennius pilicornisnative Ringneck blenny Maria-da-toca 
Perciformes Labrisomidae Paraclinus arcanusendemic   
Perciformes Labrisomidae Paraclinus nigripinnisnative Blackfin blenny  
Perciformes Labrisomidae Paraclinus rubicundusendemic   
Perciformes Labrisomidae Paraclinus spectatorendemic   
Anguilliformes Congridae Paraconger guianensisnative   
Perciformes Gempylidae Paradiplospinus antarcticusnative Antarctic escolar  
Perciformes Serranidae Paralabrax dewegerinative Vieja  
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Paralichthys brasiliensisnative Brazilian flounder Linguado-preto 
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Paralichthys isoscelesnative  Linguado 
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Paralichthys orbignyanusnative  Linguado 
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Paralichthys patagonicusnative Patagonian flounder Linguado 
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Paralichthys triocellatusnative  Linguado 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Paralonchurus brasiliensisnative Banded croaker Cangoá 
Perciformes Serranidae Paranthias furcifernative Creole-fish Pargo-mirim 
Perciformes Acropomatidae Parascombrops spinosusnative Keelcheek bass  
Aulopiformes Chlorophthalmidae Parasudis truculentanative Longnose greeneye  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Pareques acuminatusnative High-hat Pescada de dente 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Pareques iwamotoinative Blackbar drum  
Beloniformes Exocoetidae Parexocoetus brachypterusnative Sailfin flyingfish Voador 
Perciformes Carangidae Parona signatanative Parona leatherjacket Taba 
Perciformes Gobiidae Parrella macropteryxnative   
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Pellona harrowerinative American coastal pellona Apapabranca 
Perciformes Pempheridae Pempheris schomburgkiinative Glassy sweeper Salivão 
Perciformes Pempheridae Pempheris schreinerinative  Manteiga 
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Penopus microphthalmusnative   
Perciformes Stromateidae Peprilus crenulatusnative   
Perciformes Stromateidae Peprilus parunative American harvestfish Palombeta 
Perciformes Stromateidae Peprilus xamthurusnative   
Perciformes Percophidae Percophis brasiliensisnative Brazilian flathead Vira-vira 
Scorpaeniformes Peristediidae Peristedion altipinnenative  Cabrinha 
Scorpaeniformes Peristediidae Peristedion miniatumnative Armored searobin Cabrinha-de-chifre 
Scorpaeniformes Peristediidae Peristedion thompsoninative Rimspine searobin Cabrinha-de-chifre 
Scorpaeniformes Peristediidae Peristedion truncatumnative Black armoured searobin Cabrinha 
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Phaenomonas longissimanative Short-maned Sand Eel  
Perciformes Apogonidae Phaeoptyx pigmentarianative Dusky cardinalfish Cardeal-pintado 
Stomiiformes Phosichthyidae Phosichthys argenteusnative Silver lightfish  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Photonectes brauerinative Brauer's dragonfish  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Photonectes mirabilisnative Blueband dragonfish  
Gadiformes Moridae Physiculus karreraenative   
Gadiformes Moridae Physiculus kaupinative   
Perciformes Pinguipedidae Pinguipes brasilianusnative Brazilian sandperch Michole-quati 
Beloniformes Belonidae Platybelone argalus argalusnative Keeltail needlefish Agulha 
Perciformes Dactyloscopidae Platygillellus brasiliensisendemic Brazilian sand stargazer Brazilian sand stargazer 
Beryciformes Holocentridae Plectrypops retrospinisnative Cardinal soldierfish Fusquinha 
Perciformes Uranoscopidae Pleuroscopus pseudodorsalisnative Scaly stargazer  
Pleuronectiformes Pleuronectidae Poecilopsetta beaniinative Deepwater dab  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Pogonias cromisnative Black drum Graúna 
Stomiiformes Phosichthyidae Pollichthys maulinative Stareye lightfish  
Perciformes Polynemidae Polydactylus oligodonnative Littlescale threadfin Barbudo 
Perciformes Polynemidae Polydactylus virginicusnative Barbu Parati-de-barba 
Stomiiformes Sternoptychidae Polyipnus laternatusnative   
Stomiiformes Phosichthyidae Polymetme thaeocorylanative   
Polymixiiformes Polymixiidae Polymixia loweinative Beardfish  
Perciformes Polyprionidae Polyprion americanusnative Wreckfish  
Perciformes Pomacanthidae Pomacanthus arcuatusnative Gray angelfish Jandaia 
Perciformes Pomacanthidae Pomacanthus parunative French angelfish Paru-da-pedra 
Perciformes Haemulidae Pomadasys crocronative Burro grunt Ticopá 
Perciformes Haemulidae Pomadasys ramosusnative   
Perciformes Pomatomidae Pomatomus saltatrixnative Bluefish Enxova 
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Pontinus corallinusnative   
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Pontinus longispinisnative Longspine scorpionfish Mangangá 
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Pontinus nematophthalmusnative Spinythroat scorpionfish Mangangá 
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Porichthys kymosemeumnative  Beatinha 
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Porichthys pauciradiatusnative   
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Porichthys plectrodonnative Atlantic midshipman Mamangá-liso 
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Porichthys porosissimusnative  Mangangá 
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Porogadus abyssalisnative   
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Porogadus catenanative   
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Porogadus milesnative Slender cuskeel  
Stephanoberyciformes Melamphaidae Poromitra crassicepsnative Crested bigscale  
Perciformes Priacanthidae Priacanthus arenatusnative Atlantic bigeye Figueira 
Perciformes Gobiidae Priolepis dawsoninative   
Perciformes Gobiidae Priolepis hipolitinative Rusty goby  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Prionace glaucanative Blue shark Tubarão-de-focinho 
Scorpaeniformes Triglidae Prionotus nudigulanative Red searobin Cabrinha 
Scorpaeniformes Triglidae Prionotus punctatusnative Bluewing searobin Cabrinha 
Scorpaeniformes Triglidae Prionotus roseusnative Bluespotted searobin Cabrinha 
Perciformes Lutjanidae Pristipomoides aquilonarisnative Wenchman  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Pristipomoides freemaninative Slender wenchman  
Rhinopristiformes Pristidae Pristis microdonnative Largetooth sawfish Peixe-serra 
Rhinopristiformes Pristidae Pristis pectinatanative Smalltooth sawfish Cação serra 
Rhinopristiformes Pristidae Pristis perottetinative Large-tooth sawfish Araguaguá 
Rhinopristiformes Pristidae Pristis pristisnative Common sawfish Peixe-serra 
Perciformes Chaetodontidae Prognathodes brasiliensisendemic   
Perciformes Chaetodontidae Prognathodes guyanensisnative French butterflyfish  
Perciformes Gempylidae Promethichthys prometheusnative Roudi escolar  
Perciformes Serranidae Pronotogrammus martinicensisnative Roughtongue bass  
Rajiformes Arhynchobatidae Psammobatis berginative Blotched sand skate  
Rajiformes Arhynchobatidae Psammobatis extentanative Zipper sand skate  
Rajiformes Arhynchobatidae Psammobatis lentiginosanative Freckled sand skate  
Rajiformes Arhynchobatidae Psammobatis rutrumnative Spade sand skate  
Perciformes Nomeidae Psenes arafurensisnative Banded driftfish  
Perciformes Nomeidae Psenes cyanophrysnative Freckled driftfish Rombudo 
Rhinopristiformes Rhinobatidae Pseudobatos horkeliinative Brazilian guitarfish Viola 
Rhinopristiformes Rhinobatidae Pseudobatos percellensnative Chola guitarfish Viola 
Perciformes Carangidae Pseudocaranx dentexnative White trevally Garapoá 
Lamniformes Pseudocarchariidae Pseudocarcharias kamoharainative Crocodile shark  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Pseudomyrophis frionative  Moréia 
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Pseudomyrophis fugesaenative Diminutive worm eel  
Perciformes Pinguipedidae Pseudopercis numidanative Namorado sandperch Namorado 
Perciformes Pinguipedidae Pseudopercis semifasciatanative Argentinian sandperch Namorado 
Anguilliformes Congridae Pseudophichthys splendensnative Purplemouthed conger  
Perciformes Chiasmodontidae Pseudoscopelus altipinnisnative   
Perciformes Chiasmodontidae Pseudoscopelus pierbartusnative   
Perciformes Chiasmodontidae Pseudoscopelus scriptusnative   
Carcharhiniformes Pseudotriakidae Pseudotriakis microdonnative False catshark  
Perciformes Mullidae Pseudupeneus maculatusnative Spotted goatfish Salmonete-da-pedra 
Perciformes Bramidae Pteraclis carolinusnative Fanfish  
Perciformes Microdesmidae Ptereleotris helenaenative Hovering goby  
Perciformes Microdesmidae Ptereleotris randalliendemic Brazilian dartfish Brazilian dartfish 
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Pterois volitansintroduced Red lionfish  
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Pteroplatytrygon violaceanative Pelagic stingray  
Perciformes Bramidae Pterycombus petersiinative Prickly fanfish  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Quassiremus ascensionisnative Blackspotted snake eel  
Perciformes Rachycentridae Rachycentron canadumnative Cobia Parambiju 
Rajiformes Rajidae Rajella purpuriventralisnative Purplebelly skate  
Rajiformes Rajidae Rajella sadowskiinative Brazilian skate  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Ramnogaster arcuatanative Jenyns's sprat Sardinha 
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Raneya brasiliensisnative Banded cusk eel Congro 
Tetraodontiformes Molidae Ranzania laevisnative Slender sunfish Peixe-lua 
Perciformes Echeneidae Remora albescensnative White suckerfish Pegador 
Perciformes Echeneidae Remora australisnative Whalesucker Rêmora 
Perciformes Echeneidae Remora brachypteranative Spearfish remora Pegador 
Perciformes Echeneidae Remora osteochirnative Marlin sucker Rêmora 
Perciformes Echeneidae Remora remoranative Shark sucker Rêmora 
Orectolobiformes Rhincodontidae Rhincodon typusnative Whale shark Tubarão-baleia 
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Rhinoptera bonasusnative Cownose ray Raia-sapo 
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Rhinoptera brasiliensisnative Brazilian cownose ray Arraia-ticonha 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Rhizoprionodon lalandiinative Brazilian sharpnose shark Frango 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Rhizoprionodon porosusnative Caribbean sharpnose shark Cação 
Perciformes Lutjanidae Rhomboplites aurorubensnative Vermilion snapper Vermelho 
Anguilliformes Congridae Rhynchoconger guppyinative   
Perciformes Clinidae Ribeiroclinus eigenmanninative   
Rajiformes Arhynchobatidae Rioraja agassiziinative Rio skate Skate 
Perciformes Gobiidae Risor rubernative Tusked goby  
Anguilliformes Chlopsidae Robinsia catherinaenative   
Perciformes Gempylidae Ruvettus pretiosusnative Oilfish Peixe-prego 
Perciformes Serranidae Rypticus bistrispinusnative Freckled soapfish Badejo-sabão 
Perciformes Serranidae Rypticus randallinative  Badejo-sabão 
Perciformes Serranidae Rypticus saponaceusnative Greater soapfish Badejo-sabão 
Perciformes Serranidae Rypticus subbifrenatusnative Spotted soapfish Badejo-sabão 
Ophidiiformes Bythitidae Saccogaster parvaendemic   
Perciformes Scombridae Sarda sardanative Atlantic bonito Sarda 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Sardinella auritanative Round sardinella Sardinha legítima 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Sardinella brasiliensisnative Brazilian sardinella Sardinha-legítima 
Beryciformes Holocentridae Sargocentron bullisinative Deepwater squirrelfish  
Aulopiformes Synodontidae Saurida brasiliensisnative Brazilian lizardfish Peixe-lagarto 
Aulopiformes Synodontidae Saurida caribbaeanative Smallscale lizardfish  
Perciformes Blenniidae Scartella cristatanative Molly miller Maria-da-toca 
Perciformes Blenniidae Scartella itajobiendemic   
Perciformes Scaridae Scarus coelestinusnative Midnight parrotfish Budião 
Perciformes Scaridae Scarus coeruleusnative Blue parrotfish Budião 
Perciformes Scaridae Scarus guacamaianative Rainbow parrotfish Bodiano 
Perciformes Scaridae Scarus taeniopterusnative Princess parrotfish Bodião 
Perciformes Scaridae Scarus trispinosusendemic  Greenback parrotfish 
Perciformes Scaridae Scarus zelindaeendemic  Zelinda's parrotfish 
Carcharhiniformes Scyliorhinidae Schroederichthys biviusnative Narrowmouthed catshark Tubarão-lagarto 
Carcharhiniformes Scyliorhinidae Schroederichthys saurisqualusnative Lizard catshark Tubarão-lagartixa 
Carcharhiniformes Scyliorhinidae Schroederichthys tenuisnative Slender catshark Tubarão lagartixa do norte 
Siluriformes Ariidae Sciades parkerinative Gillbacker sea catfish Bagre-ariaçu 
Siluriformes Ariidae Sciades passanynative Passany sea catfish Bagre 
Siluriformes Ariidae Sciades proopsnative Crucifix sea catfish Bagre-branco 
Perciformes Scombridae Scomber coliasnative Atlantic chub mackerel Cavalinha 
Beloniformes Scomberesocidae Scomberesox simulansnative Dwarf saury Agulha 
Perciformes Scombridae Scomberomorus brasiliensisnative Serra Spanish mackerel Sororoca 
Perciformes Scombridae Scomberomorus cavallanative King mackerel Cavala-preta 
Perciformes Scombridae Scomberomorus regalisnative Cero Cavala-canguçu 
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Scopelopsis multipunctatusnative Multispotted lanternfish  
Aulopiformes Notosudidae Scopelosaurus herwiginative   
Aulopiformes Notosudidae Scopelosaurus smithiinative   
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Scorpaena agassiziinative Longfin scorpionfish  
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Scorpaena bergiinative Goosehead scorpionfish  
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Scorpaena brasiliensisnative Barbfish Mangangá 
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Scorpaena calcaratanative Smooth-head scorpionfish Mangangá 
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Scorpaena disparnative Hunchback scorpionfish Moriati 
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Scorpaena grandicornisnative Plumed scorpionfish Beatriz 
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Scorpaena isthmensisnative Smooth-cheek scorpionfish Mangangá 
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Scorpaena petricolanative  Mangangá 
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Scorpaena plumierinative Spotted scorpionfish Sarrão 
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Scorpaenodes caribbaeusnative Reef scorpionfish Aniquim 
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Scorpaenodes insularisnative   
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Scorpaenodes tredecimspinosusnative Deepreef scorpionfish Mangangá 
Carcharhiniformes Scyliorhinidae Scyliorhinus cabofriensisnative   
Carcharhiniformes Scyliorhinidae Scyliorhinus haeckeliinative Freckled catshark Cação-gata 
Carcharhiniformes Scyliorhinidae Scyliorhinus ugoinative Dark freckled catshark Cação-gato negrinho 
Perciformes Carangidae Selar crumenophthalmusnative Bigeye scad Xixarro 
Perciformes Carangidae Selene browniinative Caribbean moonfish Galo 
Perciformes Carangidae Selene setapinnisnative Atlantic moonfish Galo-do-morro 
Perciformes Carangidae Selene spixiinative   
Perciformes Carangidae Selene vomernative Lookdown Peixe-galo-de-penacho 
Perciformes Carangidae Seriola dumerilinative Greater amberjack Pitangola 
Perciformes Carangidae Seriola fasciatanative Lesser amberjack Urubaiana 
Perciformes Carangidae Seriola lalandinative Yellowtail amberjack Urubaiana 
Perciformes Carangidae Seriola rivoliananative Longfin yellowtail Remeiro 
Perciformes Carangidae Seriola zonatanative Banded rudderfish Olhete 
Perciformes Centrolophidae Seriolella porosanative Choicy ruff  
Perciformes Serranidae Serranus aliceaenative   
Perciformes Serranidae Serranus annularisnative Orangeback bass  
Perciformes Serranidae Serranus atrobranchusnative Blackear bass  
Perciformes Serranidae Serranus baldwininative Lantern bass Mero 
Perciformes Serranidae Serranus flaviventrisnative Twinspot bass Pirucaia 
Perciformes Serranidae Serranus phoebenative Tattler  
Perciformes Serranidae Serranus tabacariusnative Tobaccofish  
Anguilliformes Serrivomeridae Serrivomer beaniinative Stout sawpalate  
Anguilliformes Serrivomeridae Serrivomer schmidtinative   
Scorpaeniformes Setarchidae Setarches guentherinative Channeled rockfish  
Stomiiformes Gonostomatidae Sigmops elongatusnative Elongated bristlemouth fish  
Ophidiiformes Carapidae Snyderidia caninanative   
Squaliformes Somniosidae Somniosus antarcticusnative Southern sleeper shark  
Perciformes Scaridae Sparisoma amplumnative  Reef parrotfish 
Perciformes Scaridae Sparisoma atomariumnative Greenblotch parrotfish  
Perciformes Scaridae Sparisoma axillarenative  Gray parrotfish 
Perciformes Scaridae Sparisoma frondosumnative  Agassiz's parrotfish 
Perciformes Scaridae Sparisoma radiansnative Bucktooth parrotfish Bodião-verde 
Perciformes Scaridae Sparisoma tuiupiranganative   
Perciformes Scaridae Sparisoma viridenative Stoplight parrotfish Papagaio 
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Sphoeroides dorsalisnative Marbled puffer Baiacu 
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Sphoeroides greeleyinative Green puffer Baiacu 
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Sphoeroides pachygasternative Blunthead puffer Baiacu 
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Sphoeroides spenglerinative Bandtail puffer Baiacu 
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Sphoeroides testudineusnative Checkered puffer Baiacu-mirim 
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Sphoeroides tylerinative Bearded puffer Baiacu 
Perciformes Sphyraenidae Sphyraena barracudanative Great barracuda Carama 
Perciformes Sphyraenidae Sphyraena guachanchonative Guachanche barracuda Gorana 
Perciformes Sphyraenidae Sphyraena picudillanative Southern sennet Barracuda 
Perciformes Sphyraenidae Sphyraena tomenative  Bicuda 
Carcharhiniformes Sphyrnidae Sphyrna lewininative Scalloped hammerhead Peixe-martelo 
Carcharhiniformes Sphyrnidae Sphyrna medianative Scoophead Cação-martelo 
Carcharhiniformes Sphyrnidae Sphyrna mokarrannative Great hammerhead Peixe-martelo 
Carcharhiniformes Sphyrnidae Sphyrna tiburonative Bonnethead Cação 
Carcharhiniformes Sphyrnidae Sphyrna tudesnative Smalleye hammerhead Marteleiro 
Carcharhiniformes Sphyrnidae Sphyrna zygaenanative Smooth hammerhead Chapéu-armado 
Squaliformes Dalatiidae Squaliolus laticaudusnative Spined pygmy shark Cação-espinho 
Squaliformes Squalidae Squalus acanthiasnative Picked dogfish Cação-espinho 
Squaliformes Squalidae Squalus albicaudusnative Brazilian whitetail dogfish Cação-bagre-de-cauda-branca 
Squaliformes Squalidae Squalus bahiensisendemic Northeastern Brazilian dogfish  
Squaliformes Squalidae Squalus cubensisnative Cuban dogfish Cação-espinhoso 
Squaliformes Squalidae Squalus lobularisnative Atlantic lobefin dogfish Cação-bagre-de-nadadeiras-lobadas 
Squaliformes Squalidae Squalus mitsukuriinative Shortspine spurdog  
Squaliformes Squalidae Squalus quasimodoendemic Humpback Western dogfish Cação-bagre-corcunda 
Squatiniformes Squatinidae Squatina argentinanative Argentine angelshark Cação-anjo 
Squatiniformes Squatinidae Squatina guggenheimnative Angular angel shark Cação-anjo 
Squatiniformes Squatinidae Squatina occultanative Hidden angel shark Cação-anjo 
Squatiniformes Squatinidae Squatina punctatanative   
Perciformes Labrisomidae Starksia brasiliensisendemic   
Perciformes Labrisomidae Starksia multilepisnative Manyscaled blenny  
Perciformes Labrisomidae Starksia ocellatanative Checkered blenny  
Perciformes Labrisomidae Starksia sluiterinative Chessboard blenny  
Perciformes Pomacentridae Stegastes fuscusnative Brazilian damsel Querê-querê 
Perciformes Pomacentridae Stegastes leucostictusnative Beaugregory Gregory 
Perciformes Pomacentridae Stegastes partitusnative Bicolor damselfish  
Perciformes Pomacentridae Stegastes pictusnative Yellowtip damselfish Saberé 
Perciformes Pomacentridae Stegastes rocasensisendemic Rocas gregory Saberé 
Perciformes Pomacentridae Stegastes sanctipaulinative Saint Paul's gregory  
Perciformes Pomacentridae Stegastes uenfinative   
Perciformes Pomacentridae Stegastes variabilisnative Cocoa damselfish Donzela-cacau 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Stellifer brasiliensisnative  Boca-de-rato 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Stellifer micropsnative Smalleye stardrum Cangangoá 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Stellifer nasonative  Cabeça-dura-prego 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Stellifer rastrifernative Rake stardrum Xingô 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Stellifer stellifernative Little croaker Pescada cabeça dura 
Anguilliformes Serrivomeridae Stemonidium hypomelasnative Black serrivomerid eel  
Aulopiformes Paralepididae Stemonosudis intermedianative   
Tetraodontiformes Monacanthidae Stephanolepis hispidusnative Planehead filefish Peixe-porco 
Tetraodontiformes Monacanthidae Stephanolepis setifernative Pygmy filefish Peixe-porco 
Stomiiformes Sternoptychidae Sternoptyx diaphananative Diaphanous hatchet fish  
Stomiiformes Sternoptychidae Sternoptyx pseudobscuranative Highlight hatchetfish  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Stomias affinisnative Günther's boafish  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Stomias boa boanative Boa dragonfish  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Stomias longibarbatusnative Longbarb scaly dragonfish  
Perciformes Dactyloscopidae Storrsia olsoniendemic   
Perciformes Stromateidae Stromateus brasiliensisnative Southwest Atlantic butterfish Pampo-pintado 
Beloniformes Belonidae Strongylura marinanative Atlantic needlefish Agulha 
Beloniformes Belonidae Strongylura timucunative Timucu Agulha 
Ophidiiformes Bythitidae Stygnobrotula latebricolanative Black brotula  
Aulopiformes Paralepididae Sudis atroxnative Fierce pike smelt  
Aulopiformes Paralepididae Sudis hyalinanative   
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Syacium micrurumnative Channel flounder Linguado 
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Syacium papillosumnative Dusky flounder Linguado 
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Symbolophorus barnardinative Barnards lanternfishes  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Symbolophorus rufinusnative   
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Symbolophorus veranyinative Large-scale lantern fish  
Pleuronectiformes Cynoglossidae Symphurus diomedeanusnative Spottedfin tonguefish Língua de mulato 
Pleuronectiformes Cynoglossidae Symphurus ginsburginative Ginsburg's tonguefish Língua-de-mulata 
Pleuronectiformes Cynoglossidae Symphurus jenynsinative Jenyn's tonguefish Língua-de-mulata 
Pleuronectiformes Cynoglossidae Symphurus kyaropterygiumendemic  Língua-de-mulata 
Pleuronectiformes Cynoglossidae Symphurus marginatusnative Margined tonguefish Língua-de-mulata 
Pleuronectiformes Cynoglossidae Symphurus oculellusnative   
Pleuronectiformes Cynoglossidae Symphurus plagiusanative Blackcheek tonguefish  
Pleuronectiformes Cynoglossidae Symphurus plagusianative Duskycheek tonguefish Língua-de-mulata 
Pleuronectiformes Cynoglossidae Symphurus rhytismanative Patchtail tonguefish Língua-de-mulata 
Pleuronectiformes Cynoglossidae Symphurus tessellatusnative  Língua-de-mulata 
Pleuronectiformes Cynoglossidae Symphurus trewavasaenative Trewavas' tonguefish Língua-de-mulata 
Rajiformes Arhynchobatidae Sympterygia acutanative Bignose fanskate Raia-emplasto 
Rajiformes Arhynchobatidae Sympterygia bonapartiinative Smallnose fanskate Raia 
Perciformes Acropomatidae Synagrops bellusnative Blackmouth bass  
Anguilliformes Synaphobranchidae Synaphobranchus brevidorsalisnative Shortdorsal cutthroat eel  
Anguilliformes Synaphobranchidae Synaphobranchus calvusnative   
Anguilliformes Synaphobranchidae Synaphobranchus kaupiinative Kaup's arrowtooth eel  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Syngnathus scovellinative Gulf pipefish Peixe-cachimbo 
Aulopiformes Synodontidae Synodus bondinative Sharpnose lizardfish  
Aulopiformes Synodontidae Synodus foetensnative Inshore lizardfish Peixe-lagarto 
Aulopiformes Synodontidae Synodus intermediusnative Sand diver Lagarto-do-mar 
Aulopiformes Synodontidae Synodus myopsnative Snakefish Traíra do alto 
Aulopiformes Synodontidae Synodus synodusnative Diamond lizardfish Peixe-lagarto 
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Taaningichthys minimusnative Waistcoat lanternfish  
Osmeriformes Alepocephalidae Talismania antillarumnative Antillean smooth-head  
Osmeriformes Alepocephalidae Talismania homopteranative Hairfin smooth-head  
Perciformes Bramidae Taractes rubescensnative Pomfret Lira 
Perciformes Bramidae Taractichthys longipinnisnative Big-scale pomfret Lira-galhudo 
Perciformes Istiophoridae Tetrapturus pfluegerinative Longbill spearfish Marlim-bicudo 
Torpediniformes Torpedinidae Tetronarce nobiliananative Electric ray Torpedo 
Torpediniformes Torpedinidae Tetronarce puelchanative Argentine torpedo  
Perciformes Labridae Thalassoma noronhanumnative Noronha wrasse Budião-de-Noronha 
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Thalassophryne montevidensisnative   
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Thalassophryne nattererinative  Niquim-do-mar 
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Thalassophryne punctatanative  Niquim 
Lophiiformes Thaumatichthyidae Thaumatichthys binghaminative   
Perciformes Scombridae Thunnus alalunganative Albacore Albacora-branca 
Perciformes Scombridae Thunnus albacaresnative Yellowfin tuna Alvacora 
Perciformes Scombridae Thunnus atlanticusnative Blackfin tuna Albacorinha 
Perciformes Scombridae Thunnus maccoyiinative Southern bluefin tuna  
Perciformes Scombridae Thunnus obesusnative Bigeye tuna Atum-cachorro 
Perciformes Scombridae Thunnus thynnusnative Atlantic bluefin tuna Atum 
Perciformes Gempylidae Thyrsitops lepidopoidesnative White snake mackerel Cavalinha 
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Thysanactis dentexnative Broomfin dragonfish  
Gobiesociformes Gobiesocidae Tomicodon australisnative   
Perciformes Carangidae Trachinotus carolinusnative Florida pompano Pampo-verdadeiro 
Perciformes Carangidae Trachinotus cayennensisnative Cayenne pompano Pampo amarelo 
Perciformes Carangidae Trachinotus falcatusnative Permit Pampo 
Perciformes Carangidae Trachinotus goodeinative Great pompano Galhuda 
Perciformes Carangidae Trachinotus marginatusnative Plata pompano Pampo-pintado 
Lampriformes Trachipteridae Trachipterus jacksonensisnative Blackflash ribbonfish  
Perciformes Carangidae Trachurus lathaminative Rough scad Xinxarro 
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Triathalassothia lambalotinative   
Perciformes Trichiuridae Trichiurus lepturusnative Largehead hairtail Peixe-fita 
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Trinectes microphthalmusnative  Linguado 
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Trinectes paulistanusnative Slipper sole Linguado 
Beloniformes Belonidae Tylosurus acus acusnative Agujon needlefish Agulhão 
Beloniformes Belonidae Tylosurus crocodilusnative Hound needlefish Agulhão 
Perciformes Gerreidae Ulaema lefroyinative Mottled mojarra Carapicu 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Umbrina canosainative Argentine croaker Aastanha 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Umbrina coroidesnative Sand drum Castanha-riscada 
Perciformes Mullidae Upeneus parvusnative Dwarf goatfish Trilha 
Perciformes Carangidae Uraspis secundanative Cottonmouth jack Cara-de-gato 
Gadiformes Phycidae Urophycis brasiliensisnative Brazilian codling Brótula 
Gadiformes Phycidae Urophycis cirratanative Gulf hake Abrótea 
Gadiformes Phycidae Urophycis mystaceanative   
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Uropterygius maculariusnative Marbled moray  
Myliobatiformes Urotrygonidae Urotrygon microphthalmumnative Smalleyed round stingray Raia 
Stomiiformes Sternoptychidae Valenciennellus tripunctulatusnative Constellationfish  
Stomiiformes Phosichthyidae Vinciguerria attenuatanative Slender lightfish  
Stomiiformes Phosichthyidae Vinciguerria nimbarianative Oceanic lightfish  
Stomiiformes Phosichthyidae Vinciguerria poweriaenative Power's deep-water bristle-mouth fish  
Osmeriformes Opisthoproctidae Winteria telescopanative Binocular fish  
Tetraodontiformes Balistidae Xanthichthys ringensnative Sargassum triggerfish Cangulo rei 
Osmeriformes Alepocephalidae Xenodermichthys copeinative Bluntsnout smooth-head  
Zeiformes Grammicolepididae Xenolepidichthys dalgleishinative Spotted tinselfish  
Perciformes Xiphiidae Xiphias gladiusnative Swordfish Pirapicu 
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Xyelacyba myersinative Gargoyle cusk  
Perciformes Labridae Xyrichtys incandescensendemic   
Perciformes Labridae Xyrichtys martinicensisnative Rosy razorfish  
Perciformes Labridae Xyrichtys novaculanative Pearly razorfish Budião 
Perciformes Labridae Xyrichtys splendensnative Green razorfish Gudião 
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Xystreurys rasilenative  Linguado 
Squaliformes Somniosidae Zameus squamulosusnative Velvet dogfish  
Rhinopristiformes Rhinobatidae Zapteryx brevirostrisnative Lesser guitarfish Viola 
Zeiformes Zeniontidae Zenion hololepisnative   
Zeiformes Zeniontidae Zenion longipinnisnative   
Zeiformes Zeidae Zenopsis conchifernative Silvery John dory Peixe-galo 
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