Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Doradidae
(Thorny catfishes) > Doradinae
Etymology: Trachydoras: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, doras = skin (Ref. 45335); gepharti: Named for George W. Gephart, Jr., President & CEO of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University from 2010 to 2017, for his bold, deft and heartfelt leadership of a Glorious Enterprise
into its third century.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal; depth range ? - 10 m (Ref. 116857). Tropical
South America: Amazon and Orinoco basins in Brazil, Guyana, Peru and Venezuela.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116857)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Occurs usually along sandy beaches in large black and clearwater tributaries. Often forms schools at night in shallower water (<2 m) flowing swiftly over sandy bottoms. Shoals with Trachydoras microstomus in the Orinoco and T. nattereri and Trachydoras sp. 'mancha-caudal' in the río Nanay, Peru. Feeds mainly on midge larvae. The gut contents of an adult specimen measuring 5.94 cm SL from Rio Orinoco consisted mainly of chironomids (multiple species, mostly larvae, few pupae) along with a few ceratopogonids (larvae) and an empidid pupae) (Ref. 116857).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sabaj, M.H. and M.A. Hernández, 2017. Taxonomic assesment of the hard-nosed thornycats (Siluriformes: Doradidae: Trachydoras Eigenmann 1925) with description of Trachydoras gepharti, n. sp. Proc. Acad. Nat. Scie. Philadelphia 166:1-53. (Ref. 116857)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00602 - 0.03315), b=3.01 (2.80 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .