Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
Etymology: Centrolabrus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, labros = furious (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Risso.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 25 m (Ref. 4742). Subtropical; 46°N - 30°N, 6°W - 36°E
Mediterranean Sea: including the Sea of Marmara.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4742); common length : 11.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4742)
Adults are found in the littoral zone, in rocky areas and seagrass beds. Act as "cleaners". Feed on worms, small amphipods, copepods, bryozoans and hydrozoans (Ref. 4742). Males keep watch over Cystoseria-covered spawning territory though no nesting is done (Ref. 4742). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Males build dish shaped nests and guard the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Males build dish shaped nests and guard the eggs (Ref. 205).
Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras, 1986. Labridae. p. 919-942. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4742)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.6 - 21.8, mean 19.3 °C (based on 481 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00623 - 0.01606), b=3.03 (2.89 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 65 [33, 142] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.18 [0.68, 2.16] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [16.4, 21.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.233 [0.132, 0.417] g/100g ; Selenium = 13.8 [7.0, 27.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 66.2 [18.8, 264.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.49 [0.92, 2.78] mg/100g (wet weight);