Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Sparisomatinae
Etymology: Sparisoma: Latin, sparus = a fish with a golden head + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335). More on author: Agassiz.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 45 m (Ref. 40827). Tropical
Southwestern Atlantic: Brazil and its oceanic islands, St. Paul's Rocks and at the oceanic islands of Fernando de Noronha, Atol das Rocas and Trindade. Eastern Central Atlantic: Cape Verde (Ref. 94559).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 17.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 34.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40827)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Terminal phase individuals lack the crescent marking on the caudal fin margin and the turquoise area adjacent to the pectoral fin, as well as the pale-yellow area on the pectoral-fin axil. A pale spot on the upper part of the caudal peduncle, both IP and TP live individuals. Reddish dorsal, caudal, anal and pelvic fins in IP (Ref. 40827).
Inhabits coral, algal and rocky reefs and seagrass beds (Ref. 40827).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Moura, R.L., J.L. de Figueiredo and I. Sazima, 2001. A new parrotfish (Scaridae) from Brazil, and revalidation of Sparisoma amplum (Ranzani, 1842), Sparisoma frondosum (Agassiz, 1831), Sparisoma axillare (Steindachner, 1878) and Scarus trispinosus Valenciennes, 1840. Bull. Mar. Sci. 68(3):505-524. (Ref. 40827)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.6 - 27.6, mean 27.3 °C (based on 58 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00746 - 0.02125), b=3.11 (2.97 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 5.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 48.6 [26.2, 91.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.763 [0.454, 1.222] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [16.2, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.107 [0.064, 0.167] g/100g ; Selenium = 37.3 [19.7, 70.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 29.2 [9.2, 90.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.64 [1.10, 2.58] mg/100g (wet weight);