Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Scorpaenoidei
(Scorpionfishes) > Scorpaenidae
(Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Scorpaeninae
Etymology: Sebastapistes: Greek, sebastes = august, venerable + Greek apistia, -as = distrust (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 25 m (Ref. 37816), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Eastern Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Island. Occurrence elsewhere in the Indo-Pacific has yet to be confirmed.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710); common length : 7.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37816)
soft rays: 5 - 6. Lachrymal spines usually 5. Coronal spines absent; no occipital pit; about 50-55 vertical scale rows; a small spine sometimes present at base of first spine over maxillary in large specimens; suborbital ridge more or less a double ridge, a spine at end, sometimes a spine under eye, fourth spine on lachrymal bone is far below level of suborbital ridge and not counted as part of suborbital ridge; supplemental preopercular spine well above first preopercular spine; well-marked spine at upper rear of orbit in area of sphenotic. Body and fins with scattered small dark spots, no dark spot on spinous portion of dorsal fin (Ref. 10482).
Benthic (Ref. 58302). Usually hiding among branches of corals, from near shore to 24 m. Feeds mainly on crabs and shrimps (Ref. 3921).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 1985. Guide to Hawaiian reef fishes. Harrowood Books, Newtown Square, PA 19073, USA. 74 p. (Ref. 3921)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.1 - 28.6, mean 26.7 °C (based on 334 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00609 - 0.02604), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.60 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .