Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Scorpaenoidei
(Scorpionfishes) > Scorpaenidae
(Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Scorpaeninae
Etymology: Scorpaenopsis: Latin, scorpaena = a kind of fish, 1706 + Greek, opsis = appearance (Ref. 45335); possi: Named for S. G. Poss..
More on authors: Randall & Eschmeyer.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 2 - 55 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Polynesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42181)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5;
Vertebrae: 24. An extra spine anterior to each tympanic spine, joined by a low ridge to postocular spine (absent in juveniles and southwest Pacific specimens from Fiji to southern Great Barrier Reef). Supraocular tentacles of adults absent or very small (Ref 42181)
Solitary on rock or coral bottoms in 1-40 m (Ref 90102). Feeds on fishes (Ref. 89972).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E and W.N. Eschmeyer, 2001. Revision of the Indo-Pacific scorpionfish genus Scopaenopsis, with descriptions of eight new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (34):79 p. (Ref. 42181)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.4 - 29, mean 28 °C (based on 578 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00612 - 0.02592), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.8 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 188 [92, 433] mg/100g ; Iron = 1 [1, 2] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [15.4, 19.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.414 [0.183, 1.123] g/100g ; Selenium = 56.9 [24.0, 136.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 67 [23, 211] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.13 [0.75, 1.75] mg/100g (wet weight);