Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Caesionidae
(Fusiliers) > Caesioninae
Etymology: Pterocaesio: Greek, pteron = wing, fin + Latin, caesius = blue grey (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 23°N - 20°S, 72°E - 171°E (Ref. 402)
Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka to Vanuatu (New Hebrides).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 402); common length : 18.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37816)
(total): 10 - 11;
soft rays: 11 - 13. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D X (rarely XI),15 (rarely 14 or 16); A III,12 (11-13); pectoral fin 20-22 soft rays; scales in lateral line usually 69-75, above to dorsal fin origin 9-11 (modally 10) and below to anal-fin origin 11-12; upper peduncular scales usually 11-13; dorsal and anal fins are scaly; obliquely oriented scale rows on posterior back; two postmaxillary processes; small conical teeth in jaws; greatest body depth 3.3-4.4 in SL, head length 3.2-3.7 in SL; colour of body bluish green on upper half, white or silvery blue on lower side (pinkish ventrally); a single yellow longitudinal stripe laterally, about 1 scale wide, covering lateral line for most of its length, usually running dorsal to lateral line on caudal peduncle; caudal fin dusky, the tips of lobes black (Ref. 68703, 90102).
Inhabits clear coastal to outer reef slopes or drop-offs (Ref. 48636). Feeds on zooplankton in midwater aggregations. Oviparous, with numerous, small pelagic eggs (Ref. 402). Caught mainly by drive-in-nets.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Carpenter, K.E., 1987. Revision of the Indo-Pacific fish family Caesionidae (Lutjanoidea), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (15):56 p. (Ref. 1723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.7 - 29.3, mean 28.8 °C (based on 2058 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00701 - 0.02480), b=3.16 (3.00 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 66 [41, 129] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.91 [0.61, 1.30] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [18.3, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.16 [0.11, 0.23] g/100g ; Selenium = 36.7 [21.0, 59.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 80.7 [34.2, 189.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.22 [0.90, 1.65] mg/100g (wet weight);