Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Pomacentrus: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 20 - 50 m (Ref. 7247), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Pacific: Indonesia (Flores and Moluccas islands), Western Australia (Rowley Shoals), northern Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, north to the Philippines, Taiwan, and Ryukyu Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636)
Adults occur in outer reef slopes of coral reefs, usually around rocky outcrops in sandy areas. Also along deep walls with caves to 50 m depth (Ref. 48636). Feed on zooplankton and algae. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Diurnal species (Ref. 54980; 113699).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.5 - 28.5, mean 27.1 °C (based on 98 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00674 - 0.03244), b=2.99 (2.80 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.29 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 126 [74, 268] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.964 [0.605, 1.486] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.8, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.161 [0.099, 0.255] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.2 [13.7, 44.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 97.1 [34.3, 273.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.07 [1.43, 2.95] mg/100g (wet weight);