Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Blenniinae
Etymology: Petroscirtes: Latin, petra, -ae = stone + Greek, skirteo = to jump.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 86942). Subtropical
Western Pacific: Queensland, New South Wales, Lord Howe Island, Australia and New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334)
soft rays: 18 - 20. Jaw teeth incisiform, rigid, close-set, increasing with age; large, curved canine tooth on each side at posterior of lower jaw, and smaller canine on each side at posterior of upper jaw (similar dentition shared within genera); lower end of gill opening above level of pectoral-fin base (also a shared character within genera); small unbranched cirrus on each side of chin; with or without small supraorbital and nuchal cirri; body depth at anal-fin origin 4.5-7.0 SL; males with elongated second dorsal spine; unnotched dorsal fin; caudal fin interradial membranes slightly incised, notably in males; ground color variable with habitat, gray, brown, or green, with 6 large, uneven dark blotches on upper side and numerous white dots and dashes and, ventrally, dark dots. Anal soft rays rarely 18; pectoral soft rays typically 14; segmented caudal rays 1, unbranched (Ref. 54980).
Adults hide in seagrasses, seaweeds, or empty mollusk shells. Oviparous (Ref. 205). Mature females lay eggs on the inner surface of dead bivalve shells which are guarded by the male (Ref. 2334). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 21.2 - 28, mean 26 °C (based on 599 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00256 - 0.01233), b=3.06 (2.87 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.1 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 226 [105, 482] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.06 [1.08, 3.79] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.6 [15.5, 17.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.466 [0.182, 1.095] g/100g ; Selenium = 22.9 [7.5, 59.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 18.9 [4.1, 84.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.27 [1.47, 4.02] mg/100g (wet weight);