Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Petrochromis: Latin, petra = stone + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range 0 - 0 m (Ref. 58018). Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 2059); 3°S - 9°S
Africa: endemic to Lake Tanganyika, lake-wide distribution, but not found north of Cape Kabogo (Ref. 46829).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35773)
Cryptic species between rocks near shore (Ref. 35773). Occurs in the upper 2-3 m of the water column (Ref. 7343, 46829, 52921). Feeds by scraping loose algae from the vertical faces of boulders in turbulent water (Ref. 6770, 46829). In order to cope with the movement of the surge its feeding speed is fast; very shy species; males are territorial and hide in large caves when threatened (Ref. 46829). Often solitary but more than 2 individuals may be seen at once (Ref. 7343).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Konings, A., 1998. Tanganyika cichlids in their natural habitat. Cichlid Press. 272 p. (Ref. 46829)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: ; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00520 - 0.04832), b=2.99 (2.74 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .