Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Percoidei
(Perchs) > Percidae
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Percina: Latin, diminutive of perch = perch (Ref. 45335); copelandi: Named after the discoverer of the species, H. E. Copeland (Ref. 10294).
More on author: Jordan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 46°N - 31°N
North America: wide-ranging but highly localized in St. Lawrence-Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins from southern Quebec in Canada and from Vermont south to northern Louisiana in the USA; and in Mobile Bay, Pascagoula and Pearl River drainages in the USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723)
Inhabit pools and margins of riffles of small to medium rivers over sand or gravel bottoms, and also shores of lakes (Ref. 5723, 10294). Adults feed on midge larvae, with mayfly and young of caddisfly (Ref. 10294). Eggs are found buried in the substrate (Ref. 7043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eggs are found buried in the substrate (Ref. 7043).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00232 - 0.01243), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=357-721).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .