Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acropomatiformes
(Oceanic basses) > Pentacerotidae
(Armorheads) > Histiopterinae
Etymology: Pentaceropsis: Greek, pente = five + Greek, keras = horn + Greek, opsis = appearance (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Richardson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 260 m (Ref. 9563). Temperate
Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia including Tasmania.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2272)
Occurs on the continental shelf, most commonly in depths less than 40 m (Ref. 9563). Feeds on brittle stars, polychaetes and brown algae (Ref. 2156).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. (Ref. 4537)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.9 - 18.2, mean 15.7 °C (based on 166 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.35 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 20.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 6.98 [3.41, 13.76] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.141 [0.077, 0.258] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.5, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.273 [0.142, 0.521] g/100g ; Selenium = 7.6 [3.3, 19.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 69.3 [14.1, 326.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.564 [0.333, 0.953] mg/100g (wet weight);