Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Microspathodontinae
Etymology: Parma: Latin, parma, -ae = a little shield.
More on authors: Allen & Hoese.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 15 m (Ref. 7247). Subtropical
Eastern Indian Ocean: western Australia between Cape Leeuwin and Coral Bay.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7247)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Adults occur inshore in rocky reefs and occasionally coral reefs (Ref. 75154). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 18 - 24.2, mean 19.3 °C (based on 109 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01950 (0.00943 - 0.04032), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.25 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 56.5 [29.8, 107.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.08 [0.61, 1.86] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [18.1, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.201 [0.112, 0.352] g/100g ; Selenium = 11.2 [5.4, 24.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 48.4 [12.2, 187.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.23 [0.75, 1.98] mg/100g (wet weight);