Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Parablennius: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, blennios = mucus (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 6 - 12 m (Ref. 80021). Subtropical; 47°N - 30°N, 6°W - 42°E
Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5981)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Adults inhabit dimly lit biotopes like overhanging rocks or caves. Also found in piddock holes. They graze on periphyton (Ref. 5981). Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205). Female deposit eggs inside an empty mussel, male tends the clutch (Ref. 47356). Courtship behavior entails males rearing up front of body (Ref. 5981). Yawning makes for a defense to drive away rivals (Ref. 5981).
Zander, C.D., 1986. Blenniidae. p. 1096-1112. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 5981)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 16.8 - 19.7, mean 18.8 °C (based on 351 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00448 - 0.02446), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 295 [136, 613] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.14 [1.24, 3.82] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.9, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.43 [0.26, 0.74] g/100g ; Selenium = 22.7 [10.6, 45.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 16.1 [5.6, 46.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.54 [1.03, 2.30] mg/100g (wet weight);