Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 90102). Subtropical; 11°S - 35°S
Western Central Pacific: Indonesia to northern Australia (including Western Australia) and New Guinea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - 4.9 cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Inhabit inshore reefs and estuaries (Ref. 9710). Occur in groups in weedy areas (Ref. 9710). Nocturnal species (Ref. 7300).
Are mouthbrooders. The male is usually responsible for incubating the eggs (Ref. 240). Males brood from 50 to 230 fertilised eggs for about two weeks until hatching (Ref. 35252). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.3 - 28.6, mean 26.7 °C (based on 416 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00567 - 0.03066), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec = 50).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .