Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Opistognathidae
Etymology: Opistognathus: Greek, opisthe = behind + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Macleay.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated. Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: northern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36661)
Found in shallow reefs, in sand or rubble areas. Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Employ mouthbrooding to care for their young (Ref. 240).
Allen, G.R., 1997. The marine fishes of tropical Australia and south-east Asia. Western Australian Museum, Perth, Western Australia. 292 p. (Ref. 36661)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25 - 29.2, mean 28 °C (based on 518 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 50.5 [32.4, 86.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.553 [0.366, 0.834] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [18.1, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.0945 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 44.3 [26.5, 76.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 46.7 [18.4, 112.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.21 [0.87, 1.64] mg/100g (wet weight);