Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sparidae
Etymology: Oblada: Latin, oblatus = flattened at the poles; it also exists oblata = turbot (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range ? - 30 m (Ref. 3688). Subtropical; 44°N - 15°S, 19°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay, the Mediterranean, and from the Strait of Gibraltar to Angola. Also known from Madeira, Cape Verde and the Canary Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115876); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3688); max. published weight: 525.00 g (Ref. 115876)
Gregarious, forms aggregations over rocky bottoms or seagrass beds (Zostera and seaweeds). Omnivorous but feeds mainly on small invertebrates (Ref. 3688). Important food fish.
Mainly gonochoric, but some are hermaphroditic protogynous (Ref. 4781).
Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.8 - 27.7, mean 19.6 °C (based on 755 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.01024 - 0.01288), b=3.03 (3.00 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.35 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2-4; tmax=11; K=0.20).
Prior r = 0.78, 95% CL = 0.52 - 1.17, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 79.9 [43.8, 149.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.01 [0.48, 1.79] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [17.5, 21.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.377 [0.254, 0.569] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.1 [11.9, 46.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 22.1 [7.0, 64.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.963 [0.608, 1.417] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.