Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Esociformes
(Pikes and mudminnows) > Umbridae
Etymology: Novumbra: Latin, novus = new + Latin, umbra = shadow, in the sense of phantom (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Schultz.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 4°C - 25°C (Ref. 12468); 48°N - 45°N
North America: coastal lowlands of Olympic Peninsula in Washington, USA from Ozette Lake and Queets River drainage to upper Chehalis River drainage; occasionally in lower Deschutes River (Puget Sound drainage), as a result of floodwater exchange with Chehalis River.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 5.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Occurs in quiet water with dense vegetation or other cover over mud and debris; also in cool, brown waters of bogs and swamps.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0079 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00408 - 0.02569), b=3.07 (2.85 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .