Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Holocentriformes
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentridae
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Neoniphon: Greek, neos = new + Greek, niphon = to snow (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 70 m (Ref. 9710), usually 30 - 60 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 27°N - 10°N, 85°W - 60°W
Western Atlantic: Florida Keys, USA and Bahamas to Trinidad. Antilles and throughout Caribbean (Ref. 26938).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26340)
soft rays: 9. Body striped with red, yellow and silver; often anterior third of body more yellow than remainder. Third anal ray spine very long and stout (Ref. 26938). Body slender, spiny dorsal fin with broad yellow band along middle and lower sides (Ref. 37108).
Rarely found in shallow water, but appears to be the most common squirrelfish in the depth range of 30-60 m or more (Ref. 32). Reported used as food fish (Ref. 37108).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Böhlke, J.E. and C.C.G. Chaplin, 1993. Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters. 2nd edition. University of Texas Press, Austin. (Ref. 5521)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 23.7 - 27.7, mean 26.6 °C (based on 29 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00732 - 0.03276), b=2.97 (2.79 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 109 [46, 276] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.834 [0.396, 1.516] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [18.0, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.173 [0.070, 0.397] g/100g ; Selenium = 36.1 [19.6, 65.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 65 [25, 174] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.49 [0.90, 2.37] mg/100g (wet weight);