Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Limnotilapia: Greek, limne = swamp + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 7.0 - 8.5; dH range: 10 - 20. Tropical; 23°C - 26°C (Ref. 2060); 3°S - 9°S
Africa: Endemic to Lake Tanganyika where it is widely distributed.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5660)
Coastal species which occurs over sand more than rock. Juveniles inhabit shallow water mostly over sand in mud flats; adults inhabit deeper water and are especially abundant near the rocky slopes. Is omnivorous, but mainly vegetarian (feeds on phytoplankton, algae, and plants) (Ref. 6770).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Maréchal, C. and M. Poll, 1991. Limnotilapia. p. 246-247. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5660)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00696 - 0.03143), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.6 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 1.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec<1000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 231 [130, 424] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.83 [1.19, 3.44] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [17.1, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.359 [0.151, 1.020] g/100g ; Selenium = 66.2 [29.4, 142.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 21.2 [6.5, 56.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.01 [1.42, 3.58] mg/100g (wet weight);