Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
Etymology: Labrus: Name from Latin 'labrum' for lip, rim or edge; referring to the big lips of the fishes of the genus (from Ovid and Pliny according to Petrus Artedi)..
More on author: Linnaeus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated. Subtropical; 48°N - 29°N, 11°W - 43°E
Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Morocco, and the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 16 - ? cm
Max length : 47.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4742); common length : 37.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4742)
Adults are found in littoral zone, near rocks and eel-grass beds (Ref. 3666). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Males build dish shaped nests and guard the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Males build dish shaped nests and guard the eggs (Ref. 205).
Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-P. Quignard, 1979. Labridae. p. 426-443. In J.C. Hureau and Th. Monod (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3666)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 17.4 - 20.3, mean 18.9 °C (based on 389 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00712 - 0.01853), b=2.98 (2.84 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 33.2 [18.0, 67.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.852 [0.507, 1.507] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.8 [16.9, 22.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.215 [0.128, 0.358] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.6 [10.4, 36.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 44 [13, 166] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.957 [0.621, 1.824] mg/100g (wet weight);