Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
Etymology: Labroides: Greek, labrax, -akos = a fish, Dicentrarchus labrax + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335). More on author: Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range - 90 m (Ref. 9710), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Eastern Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands (Ref. 583) and Johnston Islands (Ref. 28618).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 583)
Found in most coral reef habitats except in the surge zone (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Obligate cleaner (Ref. 9710), picks parasitic crustaceans from other fishes. Monogamous (Ref. 52884). Swims with a dancing-flitting motion. It spends the night resting in a balloon-like mucous cocoon.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Monogamous mating is observed as both facultative and social (Ref. 52884).
Tinker, S.W., 1978. Fishes of Hawaii, a handbook of the marine fishes of Hawaii and the Central Pacific Ocean. Hawaiian Service Inc., Honolulu. 568 p. (Ref. 583)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.6 - 25, mean 20.3 °C (based on 2 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00454 - 0.02011), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.67 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 115 [65, 245] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.78 [0.43, 1.39] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [16.0, 21.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.182 [0.108, 0.303] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.1 [14.7, 52.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 155 [49, 511] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.76 [1.18, 3.19] mg/100g (wet weight);