Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335); salmofasciatus: Name refers to the 2 salmon red stripes on the body of the initial phase..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 7 - 30 m (Ref. 75895). Tropical; 26°N - 30°S (Ref. 75895)
Eastern Central Pacific: Cocos Island, Costa Rica.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75895)
soft rays: 12;
Vertebrae: 25. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: D IX,12, A III,12; pectoral rays 14; caudal rays 14; lateral line scales 27, scales above it to dorsal fin origin 4, below to anal fin origin 8; circumpeduncular scale rows 16; gill rakers on first arch 16; color of terminal phase adult olive on back with diffused dark mid-lateral stripe from head to tail; color of initial phase adult white on lower half of body with pair of salmon red stripes on upper half, opercular membranes with a black spot on another on caudal fin base (Ref. 75895).
Usually inhabits areas of sand covered with dense scattering of small scale rubble composed of either volcanic rock chips or calcareous algae, at depths to at least 30 m. Small numbers of individuals found on sand at sand/reef interfaces. Species of Halichoeres melanotis and H. malpelo occur in the same habitat, on continental mainland and Isla Malpelo, respectively (Ref. 75895).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R. and D.R. Robertson, 2002. Halichoeres salmofasciatus, a new species of wrasse (Pisces: Labridae) from Isla del Coco, tropical eastern Pacific. aqua, J. Ichthyol. Aquat. Biol. 5(2):65-72. (Ref. 75895)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00475 - 0.02106), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 484 [244, 921] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.39 [0.76, 2.71] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.0, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.328 [0.168, 0.612] g/100g ; Selenium = 43.9 [20.6, 90.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 44.9 [15.1, 148.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.06 [1.34, 3.92] mg/100g (wet weight);