Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Randall & Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 6 - 43 m (Ref. 9710), usually 20 - ? m (Ref. 9710). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: East African coast south to Natal, South Africa; also from Madagascar, Seychelles and Chagos Archipelago.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Inhabits steep seaward reefs, in sand and rubble areas (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 1986. Labridae. p. 683-706. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4392)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.1 - 27.8, mean 27 °C (based on 24 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00469 - 0.02134), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 110 [65, 232] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.836 [0.493, 1.418] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [15.8, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.168 [0.103, 0.271] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.1 [15.4, 50.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 123 [41, 394] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.94 [1.31, 3.42] mg/100g (wet weight);