Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Fibramia: Latin 'fibra' meaning thread or filament and the feminine Greek 'amia' often applied as an ending for some cardinalfish genera as well as an incorrect past usage as a cardinalfish genus. The name refers to two characteristics of the species in this genus, an elongate second dorsal spine in one species and the narrow, pale or dark mid-line on the body of two species.. More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range - 20 m (Ref. 48635), usually - 12 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 0°C -
Indo-Pacific: south to Natal, South Africa (Ref. 4329) and east to western Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
soft rays: 8. Black stripe from snout through eye to angle of opercle; tip of 1st dorsal present; caudal spot present (Ref. 4329, 48635). Sometimes has yellow barring on sides (Ref. 48635). 2-3 tiny black spots along base of dorsal fin; greatest depth of body 2.6-3.0 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Found in deep coastal reefs (Ref. 8631). Form small schools with outcrops on reef on sand to depths of 20 m (Ref. 48635); or among rocks or corals of shallow sheltered lagoons (Ref. 7300); often in seagrass beds (Ref. 37816). A nocturnal species (Ref. 7300).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Kailola, P.J., 1991. The fishes of Papua New Guinea: a revised and annotated checklist. Vol. III. Gobiidae to Molidae. Research Bulletin No. 41, Research Section, Dept. of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Papua New Guinea. 153 p. (Ref. 6771)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.9 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 2879 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00201 - 0.01253), b=3.26 (3.04 - 3.48), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 195 [108, 436] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.971 [0.611, 1.671] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.8, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.128 [0.072, 0.230] g/100g ; Selenium = 31.5 [15.2, 63.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 79.8 [26.8, 231.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.94 [1.28, 2.89] mg/100g (wet weight);