Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Coregonus: Greek, kore = pupils of the eye + Greek, gonia = angle (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Lesueur.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic-neritic; anadromous (Ref. 120291); depth range 0 - 64 m (Ref. 1998). Temperate; 0°C - 26°C (Ref. 35682); 71°N - 38°N, 136°W - 69°W (Ref. 86798)
North America: Atlantic and Arctic basins from Quebec to Northwest Territories, Canada and south to St. Lawrence, Great Lakes, and upper Mississippi River basins in northern Ohio, Illinois, and Minnesota, USA. Introduced elsewhere. Considered conspecific with Coregonus autumnalis and Coregonus autumnalis pollan based on electrophoresis studies (Ref. 7506). Belongs to Coregonus artedi complex.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 57.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 29.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. published weight: 3.4 kg (Ref. 4699); max. reported age: 11 years (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits open waters of lakes and large rivers, and also coastal waters of Hudson Bay (Ref. 9988, 86798). Nerito-pelagic species that feeds on plankton and large crustaceans (Ref. 58426). Utilized fresh, smoked, and frozen; can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved, and baked (Ref. 9988).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00404 - 0.00820), b=3.15 (3.05 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.06-0.27(?); tmax=11; tm=6).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .