Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acanthuriformes
(Surgeonfishes) > Pomacanthidae
Etymology: Centropyge: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pyge = tail (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 3 - 70 m (Ref. 4859), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 30°N - 23°S
Western Pacific: Ryukyu Islands to Indonesia, the Solomon Islands, the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia (Ref. 48391). Palau and Kapingamarangi in Micronesia (Ref. 1602).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636)
Common in coral-rich areas of outer reef slopes, occasionally sighted in lagoons and passages. Prefers habitats with rich mixed invertebrate growth (Ref. 48636). Usually seen singly or in pairs. It thrives well in an algae-grown tank (Ref. 4859). Feeds on algae. Forms harems of 3-7 individuals. Frequently exported through the aquarium trade (Ref. 48391).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Steene, R.C., 1978. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. A.H. & A.W. Reed Pty Ltd., Australia. vol. 1. 144 p. (Ref. 4859)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.3 - 29, mean 28 °C (based on 520 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03311 (0.01551 - 0.07068), b=2.88 (2.70 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.29 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 95.6 [56.8, 157.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.761 [0.494, 1.233] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [17.4, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.143 [0.087, 0.227] g/100g ; Selenium = 22 [12, 42] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 96.1 [28.8, 306.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.66 [1.10, 2.48] mg/100g (wet weight);