Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: viridiventer: Name from Latin 'viridis' for green and 'venter' for abdomen, referring to the green coloraton usually present in the abdomen in life..
More on authors: Greenfield, Langston & Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 58268), usually 2 - 17 m (Ref. 58268). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: Indonesia east to Samoa north to Japan south to Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58268)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9. This species is distinguished with the following dark markings: a small black spot midposteriorly on caudal peduncle, one-half pupil diameter or more in size; a faint broad dusky band on side of snout directly before eye; some specimens with a faint dusky line at base of dorsal fins; tips of one or both caudal lobes often blackish; second dorsal-fin spine 18.9-21.7% SL; second anal-fin spine 13.0-15.9% SL; gill rakers 24-27 (rarely 27) (Ref. 58268).
This species is often seen in aggregations in lagoons or bays, sheltering among branching corals, sponges, etc. Collections come from the depth range of 2-17 m, but it may be seen at least as deep as 50 m (Ref. 58268).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders. Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Greenfield, D.W., R.C. Langston and J.E. Randall, 2005. Two new cardinalfishes of the Indo-Pacific fish genus Zoramia (Apogonidae). Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 56(33):625-637. (Ref. 58268)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.6 - 29.3, mean 28.4 °C (based on 2094 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00696 - 0.03143), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 248 [127, 500] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.11 [0.66, 2.19] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.7, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.187 [0.097, 0.360] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.7 [9.1, 46.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 105 [31, 384] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.91 [1.20, 3.04] mg/100g (wet weight);