Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Zeiformes
(Dories) > Zeidae
Etymology: Zeus: Derived from Greek Theos, Zeys = the supreme Greek god (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 35 - 200 m (Ref. 4253). Subtropical; 10°S - 36°S, 9°E - 43°E
Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique (Ref. 5213) around the Cape to St. Helena Bay, South Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4253)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found near the bottom or in midwater. Feeds on a variety of fishes, cephalopods and crustaceans. An excellent foodfish. Sold fresh or frozen in markets.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C., 1984. Zeidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 5. FAO, Rome. [var. pag.]. (Ref. 3543)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.9 - 19.1, mean 14.4 °C (based on 34 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7656 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00779 - 0.04061), b=2.96 (2.76 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.8 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (65 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 45.9 [23.9, 97.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.837 [0.520, 1.667] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.2 [17.3, 22.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.403 [0.229, 0.756] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.4 [14.6, 68.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 21.5 [5.9, 84.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.451 [0.299, 0.713] mg/100g (wet weight);