Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Tylochromis: Greek, tylos = callus + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); jentinki: Named by Steindachner apparently in honour of his contemporary Jentink (Ref. 52346). More on author: Steindachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Tropical; 14°N - 4°N
Africa: coastal rivers from Gambia to the Tano River in Ghana (Ref. 52307, 53405).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 53405)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 12 - 15;
soft rays: 7 - 10;
Vertebrae: 31 - 32. Diagnosis: 3 rows of scales between anterior parts of upper and lower lateral line; lips fleshy; upper edge of lower jaw horizontal when mouth is closed (Ref. 7378, 52307, 52346, 53405). Lower jaw teeth on a distinctly shelf-like elevated processus on dentary in juveniles and mature females (Ref. 7378).
Prefers brackish water but is also found further upstream in rivers (Ref. 3032). Opportunistic benthic macrophage (Ref. 52346). Prefers insects and their larvae; maternal mouthbrooder that does not pair-bond (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Teugels, G.G., C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and K. Traoré, 1988. État des connaissances sur la faune ichtyologique des bassins côtiers de Côte d'Ivoire et de l'ouest du Ghana. Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 21(3):221-237. (Ref. 272)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00868 - 0.03645), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.33 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.7).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .