Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Triakidae
(Houndsharks) > Triakinae
Etymology: Triakis: Greek, triakis = three times (Ref. 45335). More on author: Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 50 m (Ref. 5578), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 30°S - 36°S
Southeast Atlantic: Namibia to Coffee Bay, South Africa.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 140 - 150 cm
Max length : 142 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 244); 174.0 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 20.0 kg (Ref. 5485)
soft rays: 0. Blunt snout and a large mouth with small pointed teeth; caudal peduncle short and heavy (Ref. 5578). Grey with numerous black spots which may be sparse or absent in some specimens; new born pups with fewer black spots compared to adults (Ref. 5485); white below (Ref. 5578).
Occurs off sandy beaches, rocky shores and in shallow bays (Ref. 5578). Feeds on crabs, lobsters, bony fish and small sharks (Ref. 5578). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Forms schools in summer (Ref. 244). Hardy and keeps well in captivity (Ref. 244). Commonly caught by rock and surf sports anglers but not eaten much (Ref. 244). Meat is dried into shark 'biltong' or jerky which commands a relatively high price (Ref. 244). Attains 160 cm, TL (Ref. 36731).
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449), with 6 to 12 young in a litter (Ref. 244). 30-32 cm at birth (Ref. 244).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.8 - 22.4, mean 19.3 °C (based on 26 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00263 (0.00118 - 0.00585), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (74 of 100) .