Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Notothenioidei
() > Nototheniidae
(Cod icefishes) > Trematominae
Etymology: Trematomus: Greek, trematos = hole + Greek, tomo = section, cut (Ref. 45335); pennellii: Species name pennellii honors Harry LL Pennell, captain of the ship Terra Nova of Scott's British Antarctic Expedition of 1910 (Ref. 45168). More on author: Regan.
The genus Pseudotrematomus is a synonym of Trematomus, which is confirmed by a molecular study to be published (J.-C. Hureau, pers. comm. 08 Jun. 2010). The species Pseudotrematomus centronotus (Regan, 1914) is recognised as valid.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 732 m, usually 1 - 112 m (Ref. 11892). Polar; 60°S - 78°S
Southern Ocean: Scotia Arc, South Orkney Islands, Davis and Ross seas.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5179)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Adults live on seafloor and spawns during summer (Ref. 45168). They feed primarily on errant polychaetes, with lesser amounts of amphipods, fish eggs and mollusks.
Dewitt, H.H., P.C. Heemstra and O. Gon, 1990. Nototheniidae. p. 279-331. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. (Ref. 5179)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): -1.8 - -1.1, mean -1.7 °C (based on 740 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00316 - 0.01821), b=3.15 (2.94 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec = 2,500-6,600).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .