Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Notothenioidei
() > Nototheniidae
(Cod icefishes) > Trematominae
Etymology: Trematomus: Greek, trematos = hole + Greek, tomo = section, cut (Ref. 45335); nicolai: Named after Nicolai Hanson, biologist and collector of Southern Cross fishes, died at Cape Adare during the expedition (Ref. 11892). More on author: Boulenger.
The genus Pseudotrematomus is a synonym of Trematomus, which is confirmed by a molecular study to be published (J.-C. Hureau, pers. comm. 08 Jun. 2010).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 420 m (Ref. 11892). Polar; 65°S - 78°S
Southern Ocean: East Antarctica (some localities), but not from the Peninsula region and westward to the Ross Sea. Coasts of Adelie Land, Davis, Weddell, South Shetland and South Orkney Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5179)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 4 - 5;
soft rays: 31 - 35. Body brownish, more or less distinct dark crossbars, scattered small dark spots, fins dusky, spiny dorsal blackish (Ref. 11892).
A nearshore benthic species usually abundant in shelf waters of East Antartica (Ref. 122792). Adults feed primarily on amphipods, other fishes, and molluscan larvae, with lesser amount of polychaetes and mysids. They capture some prey in the water column, but are not cryopelagic.
Dewitt, H.H., P.C. Heemstra and O. Gon, 1990. Nototheniidae. p. 279-331. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. (Ref. 5179)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): -1.8 - -0.4, mean -1.4 °C (based on 382 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00316 - 0.01821), b=3.15 (2.94 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.53 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 13.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec = 8,900).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (65 of 100) .