Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lampriformes
(Velifers, tube-eyes and ribbonfishes) > Trachipteridae
Etymology: Trachipterus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gmelin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 100 - 600 m (Ref. 50610). Deep-water; 45°N - 48°S, 76°W - 153°W
Eastern Atlantic: western Mediterranean and from Morocco to Namibia; also off Table Bay, South Africa (Ref. 2713). Western Pacific: Japan and New Zealand. Southeast Pacific: Chile (Ref. 27363).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 300 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4506)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 145-184. Silvery in color except for front of head, interorbital area, dorsal part of upper jaw, and tip of lower jaw which are black (Ref. 2713). Dusky blotch usually seen on body at bases of 20-28th dorsal rays (Ref. 2713).
A rare (Ref. 2713), mesopelagic species. Feeds on squid and midwater fishes (Ref. 6392). Swims with head up (Ref. 36731). Eggs and larvae are found frequently near the surface (Ref. 6392).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Aguiar, A. and J.-C. Quéro, 1990. Trachipteridae. p. 647-649. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4506)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.9 - 20.5, mean 13.5 °C (based on 543 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5166 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.25 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tmax>10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (85 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 6.77 [3.17, 14.54] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.342 [0.177, 0.718] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.1, 22.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.216 [0.102, 0.436] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.1 [9.9, 78.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 4.68 [1.06, 20.50] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.325 [0.202, 0.518] mg/100g (wet weight);