Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae
(Puffers) > Tetraodontinae
Etymology: Takifugu: A Japanese word with several meanings; taki = waterfall + fugu = fish; it could be also understood as taki = to be cooked in liquid + fugu = a venomous fish. More on authors: Temminck & Schlegel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 40°N - 22°N, 115°E - 145°E
Northwest Pacific: Japan to the East China Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)
Occurs near shore (incl. semi-enclosed sea areas), and in estuaries (Ref. 11230). Used in Chinese medicine (Ref. 12166).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Poisonous to eat (Ref. 559)
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 16.9 - 23.2, mean 20.4 °C (based on 80 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02455 (0.01114 - 0.05408), b=2.89 (2.71 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 54.2 [18.9, 123.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.367 [0.217, 0.695] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [16.0, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.538 [0.253, 1.092] g/100g ; Selenium = 17.7 [8.8, 38.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.24 [2.44, 25.85] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.562 [0.370, 0.869] mg/100g (wet weight);