Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Synodontidae
(Lizardfishes) > Synodontinae
Etymology: Synodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); nigrotaeniatus: Named for the diagnostic marking on the side of the body.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 10 - 30 m (Ref. 114926). Tropical
Western Pacific: Indonesia..
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114926)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 12 - 14;
Vertebrae: 48 - 49. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D 11-12 (usually 12); A 12-14; pectoral-fin rays 11; lateral-line scales 47-49; total vertebrae 48-49; its snout length is much greater than eye diameter, 6.0-7.1% SL or 21.6-22.6% HL; interorbital space 3.8-4.9, mean 4.4% SL; anal-fin base 18.0-19.4% SL; presence of a deep suborbital pore with prominent surrounding fimbriae extending upwards along the rear margin of the eye; rudimentary adipose fin scarcely visible without magnification; coloration of preserved and alive fish is mottled brown on back and whitish ventrally, separated by a prominent dark-brown to blackish mid-lateral stripe (Ref. 114926).
This species differs further from sageneus with the brown mottling on the back being denser in the latter and the pattern of brown bars across the lips is more prominent (Ref. 114926).
This species is found on sandy bottoms and sometimes seen with only the snout and eyes
protruding above the substrate. Like other synodontids, it is a 'lie-and-wait' predator, it relies on its camouflage, hiding under the sand to wait for approaching small fishes (Ref. 114926).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., M.V. Erdmann and T. Peristiwady, 2017. Synodus nigrotaeniatus, a new species of lizardfish (Aulopiformes: Synodontidae) from Indonesia. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 26:59-67. (Ref. 114926)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00217 - 0.00962), b=3.16 (2.98 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.8 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .