Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Synodontidae
(Lizardfishes) > Synodontinae
Etymology: Synodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 27 m (Ref. 9348), usually 1 - 27 m (Ref. 9348). Tropical; 28°N -
Eastern Pacific: Guayamas, Mexico (Ref. 9348) to Chile (Ref. 9068).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5590); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9348)
Solitary. Perches motionless on pectoral fins in a wide range of habitats. Commonly occurs on sandy bottoms or sand patches around rocky reefs and boulder and gravel strewn slopes. Is active at night, may bury in sand with only eyes and mouth protruding during the day (Ref. 5227). Pounces on passing prey.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chirichigno, N.F., 1974. Clave para identificar los peces marinos del Peru. Inf. Inst. Mar Perú (44):1-387. (Ref. 5530)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21 - 28.7, mean 26 °C (based on 80 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00217 - 0.00962), b=3.16 (2.98 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 89.7 [32.5, 211.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.745 [0.323, 1.456] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.7 [12.9, 18.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.0937 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 34.4 [14.1, 75.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 99.8 [23.4, 353.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.12 [0.57, 1.78] mg/100g (wet weight);